psych ch.17

  1. health psychology
    emphasizes psychology's role in establishing and maintaining health and preventing and treating illness
  2. theory of reasoned action
    • effective change requires:
    • specific intentions about behaivor
    • positive attitude about the new behavior
    • perceptions of social group support
  3. stages of change
    • precontemplation
    • contemplation
    • preperation/deteremination
    • action/will power
    • maintenance
  4. self efficacy
    the individual's belief that they can master a situation and produce positive outcomes
  5. motivation
    change is most effective when you are doing it for you; because you want to
  6. religious faith
    provide a sense of meaning and buffer against the effects of stressful events
  7. stress
    the pattern of responses an organism makes to stimulus events that disturb equlibrium and tax or exceed its ability to cope
  8. stressor
    a stimulus event that places a demand on an organism for some kind of adaptive response
  9. chronic stress
    a state of enduring arousal, in which demands placed on an organism are perceived by the organism as being greater than the inner and outer resources available for dealing w/ them
  10. fight or flight
    linked with the amygdlya and involves  a sequence of internal activity that prepare the body to either defend itself or to run away
  11. major life events
    major changes in the life situation and are the root cause of stress for many individuals
  12. traumatic events
    catastrophic events and are particularly stressful events due to uncontrollability, unpredictibility, and ambiguity
  13. PTSD
    delayed reaction to stress that occurs repeatedly
  14. examples of chronic stressor
    overpopulation, health crisis, polution, nuclear war
  15. examples of daily hassles including stressor
    traffic, being late, getting a ticket
  16. cognitive appraisal
    helps us to define a situation and assign a cognitive interpretation and evaluation of a stressor
  17. primary appraisal
    used for initial evaluation of the seriousness of a demand
  18. secondary appraisal
    begins teh process of deciding something must be done
  19. problem focused coping
    attempts to change the stressor of ones' relationship to it through direct actions or problem solving activities
  20. aniticipatory coping
    precedes a potentially stressful event
  21. positive ways to deal w/ stress
    exercise, healthy diet
  22. type a personalities
    competitive, agressive, work-a-holics
  23. type b personalities
    laid back, easy going
  24. stages of stress
    • alarm: fight or fligh
    • resistance:body tries to tell us we have too much stress
    • exhaustion:stress supresses the body's immune system
  25. psychological symptoms
    • worry
    • tenseness
    • hoplessness
    • sadness
    • preoccupation
    • irritablitity
  26. physiological symptoms
    • muscle-tension
    • hypertension
    • heart problems
    • ulcers
    • chest pains
    • migraines
    • skin rashes
  27. behavioral symptoms 
    • indecision
    • poor concentration
    • giving up
    • frantic pace
    • difficulty getting along w/ others
    • excessive eating, drinking
  28. emotional focused coping
    responding to the stress- trying to manage one's emotional reaction- rather than focusing on the problem itself
Card Set
psych ch.17