Behavior test 2

  1. a group of cats
  2. a group of kittens
  3. how many breeds of cats?
  4. In the middle ages, cats were believed to have:
    venomous fangs
  5. how many decidious teeth do kittens have, and when do they develop? 
    • 26 deciduous teeth
    • 6 weeks of age
  6. how many permanent teeth do cats have, and when do they develop?
    • 30 permanent teeth
    • 6 months of age
  7. where do cats have thinning hair
    between the tops of their eyes and their ears
  8. how many male calicos/tortiseshells are there? 
  9. How high can a cat jump in a single leap?
    more than 5 times its height
  10. Where are cat scent glands
    sides and back of their heads that they rub on things to mark ownership
  11. How do cats mark territory
    spraying concentrated urine
  12. Cat's resting heart rate
    100-140 beats per minute
  13. When cats fall:
    they have a not-infallable self-righting reflex allowing them to land on their feet. 
  14. Rate of a purr
    26 cycles per second
  15. How and why do a cat's pupils enlarge
    up to 4 times as much as it approaches its food bowl
  16. differential
    a list of rule-outs (things that could be wrong with the animal)
  17. What you write down when an animal comes into the clinic
    • Subjective (what the client says)
    • Objective (what you see)
    • Assessment (diagnosis)
    • Plan (treatment)
  18. Positive reinforcement
    adding a reward.  Good consequence.  INCREASES the likelihood of a response in the future
  19. negative reinforcement
    Removing a punishment/adversive.  Removal of a bad consequence.  INCREASES the liklihood of a response in the future
  20. Positive punishment
    Add a punishment, presentation of a bad consequence when the response is performed.  DECREASES the liklihood of the response in the future
  21. Negative punishment
    remove something good.  Removal of a good consequence.  DECREASES the liklihood of the response in the future
  22. Extinction burst
    when behavior gets much worse before it disappears.
  23. Extinction
    when a behavior disappears due to lack of reinforcement
  24. Flooding
    overexposure to phobia stimulus
  25. Bob Bailey's ABCs
    • Antecedent (going on right before)
    • Behavior
    • Consequence
  26. Shaping
    wait until the animal performs the desired activity then reward it.  Make it easy for the animal to succeed by rewarding pieces of behaviors
  27. Operant conditioning
    Trial and Error learning, instrumental learning, "shaping" behavior.  Clicker trianing and BF Skinner.  Make it easy for the animal to succeed.
  28. Classical conditioning
    • Pavlov.  Reflex--involuntary.
    • An unconditioned stimulus produces a response that is reflex-like, usually involving contraction of smooth muscle or secretion of a gland. 
  29. Environmental manipulation
    training animal by arranging situation so the animal can only do the right thing. 
  30. Adversives
    punishment.  Stimulus that reduces the rate of behavior. 
  31. Spontaneous recovery
    when a behavior spontaneously returns after extinction
  32. Reinforcement schedules
    when operant conditioning is employed; you can reward the animal every time the behavior is performed, every ten times, every twenty... (fixed ratios). 
  33. Habituation
    the simplest type of learning.  Long-term stimulus-specific waning of a responce (learning not to respond to stimuli that tend to be without significance in the life of the animal)
  34. Stimulus generalization
    when two cues are too similar and dog mixes them up
  35. Response generalization
    Getting the same answer a different way: dolphin puts the ball through the hoop with a flipper instead of his nose. 
  36. Hunting
    drive founded on the urge to satisfy hunger
  37. olfactory
    drive that is the ability/desire to air and or ground scent
  38. prey
    drive that is the urge to chase, catch, kill, carry, and guard prey
  39. Retrieving
    drive that is the expression of the prey drive
  40. Play
    drive that is related to retrieving and social drives
  41. Social
    drive that is the urge to interact socially with conspecifics.  Compliance, allelomimetic behavior, etc. 
  42. Dominence
    drive for upward polarization
  43. Fighting
    drive of eagerness to measure physical strength.  Pugnaciousness
  44. Territorial
    drive that is the tendency to become attached to and defend a locality
  45. Protection
    drive that is the urge to defend pack members
  46. defensive
    drive to avert harm through aggressive action
  47. avoidance
    drive to avert harm through avoidance behavior
  48. sex
    drive that is the urge to engage to sexual activity
  49. Nurturing
    drive that is epimeletic (care-giving) and et-epimeletic (care-soliciting) behavior.  Also, nursing drive. 
  50. Constitution
    Traid  about physical attributes, condition (readiness to react)
  51. Courage
    trait that is the fortitude arising only from constitutional and genetic factors.  Inversely, confidence is the fortitude arising from positive experience. 
  52. Hardness
    trait that is the ability to accept negative physical or emotional sensations without being momentarily or permanently influenced adversely by them
  53. Sharpness
    trait that implies a low threshold for defensive and/or fighting drives, and also low thresholds in general
  54. Temperament
    trait that is liveliness or alertness, and it is spoken of in terms of quantity
  55. Endurance
    trait that is based both in the dogs constitution and also in the general strength of his drives, desires and urges
  56. intelligence
    trait that describes the dogs higher psychological and cognitive capabilities
  57. neonatal period
    • birth to 12 days
    • obtaining nutrition by nursing and staying warm
  58. Transition Period
    • 13-20 days
    • Physical changes: eyes open, crawl/walk, teeth begin to erupt, tail wagging, react to sound
  59. Awareness period
    • 21-28 days
    • Puppy can use signt and hearing.  Needs and stable environment.  Learning begins.  Learns how to be a dog. 
  60. Canine Socialization period
    • 21-49 days
    • Bonds with own species and other species. 
    • learns species-specific behaviors.  Must stay with mother and littermates.  Learns discipline, barking, chasing, body postures, facial positions, vocalizations, submissive body posture,
  61. human socialization period
    • 7-12 weeks, 50-84 days
    • pup has the brain waves of an adult dog.  Best time for a new home and best time to introduce him to things that will be in his life (cars, farm animals, vacuum, etc.).  Most rapid learning.  Start of easy obedience. 
  62. Fear impact period
    • 8-11 weeks
    • any painful, traumatic or frightening experience will have a more lasting impact than at any other time. 
  63. Seniority Classification period
    • 13-16 weeks
    • "age of cutting"--teeth and apron strings.  Testing to see who will be pack leader.  Biting=domination.  Clarify and resolve the question of leadership. 
  64. Flight instinct period
    • 4-8 months.  Tests his wings.  Run off and not come when called for a few days to several weeks. 
    • Teething goes along--adult teeth are in and setting into the jaw and the puppy MUST chew. 
  65. Second fear impact period
    • 6-14 months
    • May occur more than once as dog matures--with growth spurts.  Sudden reluctance to approach something new or be frightened of something or someone familiar
  66. Maturity
    • 1-4 years.
    • sexual maturity.  increase in aggression and renewed testing for leadership.
  67. dominance aggression
    aggression towards one or more family members
  68. territorial aggression
    protective of a space
  69. possessive aggression
    • articles/items/people
    • also food or resource-guarding
  70. protective aggression
    defending pack mates or self
  71. redirected aggression
    overstimulated animal bites whoever comes near--doesn't even realize
  72. maternal aggression
    defending pups
  73. pain or fear-induced aggression
    attack provoked by pain or fear (of pain)
  74. idiopathic aggression
    sudden attacks completely out of nowhere
  75. conflict-related aggression
    if you break up two dogs and get bit...
  76. Deference training
    dog doesn't so much as get touched without working for it.  "no free lunch". 
  77. prenatal masculinization
    female dogs that come from majority male litters, after spay, can develop masculine habits--not as fond of other dogs, leg-lift, marking, aggression
Card Set
Behavior test 2
cat facts, drives and traits, dog age/developmental periods, behavioral terminology