1. Define the anatomical terminology and positions

    C. Posterior, Anterior, Cranial, Caudad, Lateral, Proximal, Distal, Medial
  2. 2. State the basic divisions of the human body

    A. Body Planes: Sagittal, Coronal, Transverse. Body Cavities: Axial,
    Appendicular. Abdominal Regions: Superior, mid, Inferior

    B. Body Planes: Coronal, Appendicular, Transverse. Body Cavities:
    Axial, Mid, Sagittal. Abdominal Regions: Superior, Inferior

    C. Body Planes: Coronal, Appendicular, Transverse. Body Cavities:
    Axial, Mid, Sagittal. Abdominal Regions: Superior, Inferior
    • A. Body Planes: Sagittal, Coronal, Transverse. Body Cavities: Axial,
    • Appendicular. Abdominal Regions: Superior, mid, Inferior
  3. Identify the mechanisms necessary to sustain life.

    C. Growth, Metabolism, Responsiveness, Homeostasis
  4. State the important aspects of the cell.

    C. Structure, Protein Synthesis, Cell Division, Passive and Active Transport
  5. State the location and function of the major tissue

    A. Epithelial, Musicle, Nervous, Cranial
    B. Connective, Muscle, Spacial, Lateral
    C. Epithelial, Connective, Muscle, Nervous
    D. Muscle, Lateral, Spacial, Connective
    Epithelial, Connective, Muscle, Nervous
  6. Identify the two basic groups of membranes.

    B. Epithelial, Connective
  7. Identify the major divisions of body water

    A. Intracellular, Extracellular: Interstitial, Intravascular
  8. Identify 5 legal issues that affect client care

    • C. Assault and Battery, Informed Consent, Slander and Libel,
    • False Imprisonment, Privacy/Confidentiality
  9. List 6 common causes of nursing lawsuits.

    A. Assault and Battery, uninformed Consent, Slander and Libel, False Imprisonment, Privacy and Confidentiality
    B. Mal-practice, Unperformed Care, Assault and Battery, False Imprisonment, Privacy and Confidentiality
    C. Assault and Battery, Medication Error, Inadequate Client Assessment
    Unperformed Care, Mal-practice, Privacy and Confidentiality
    D. Medication Error, falls, Inadequate Client Assessment, Unperformed
    Care, Errors in transfer, Failure to communicate, Mal practice.
    • Medication Error, falls, Inadequate Client Assessment,
    • Unperformed Care, Errors in transfer, Failure to communicate, Mal practice.
  10. State the purpose of the Nurse Practice Act

    C. Scope of Practice, Limits of practice, Identification of Nurses
  11. Define asepsis and discuss and discussion transmission of
    • Asepsis: Medical, Surgical. Transmission of microorganism
    • chain

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  12. Identify three agencies that focus on safety issues and health.


    • NIOSH
    • 1. National Institute for Occupational Safety
    • and Health
    • 2. Part of CDC.
    • 3. Created to conduct research on how to prevent work related injuries and illnesses.

    • 1. Occupational Safety and Health Administration
    • 2. Ensure safe work environments for health care workers
    • 3. Health care worker's safety
    • 4. Violation Fines
    • 5. Needleless system

    • CDC
    • 1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
    • 2. Under the Department of Health and Human Services
    • 3. Protects public health by providing knowledge to enhance health
    • decisions.
    • 4. Focuses on developing and applying disease
    • prevention
  13. Identify risk factors when moving the gerontological client.

    D. Skin Fragility, Degenerative Joins, Loss of Flexibility, Weakness and Hypotension, Altered Sensory Perception
  14. Identify positioning for client comfort and safety.

    A. Dorsal, Dorsal Recumbent, Fowlers, Orthopneic, Sims, Prone, Knee-Chest, Lithotomy, Trendelengburg, Sidelying
    B. Dorsal, Tripod, Fowlers, Orthopneic, Sims, Supine, Knee-Chest, Lithotomy, Tredelengburg
    C. Dorsal Recumbent, Fowlers, Orthopneic Sims, Prone, Supine, Knee-Chest, Lithotomy, Trendelengburg, Sidelying.
    D. All of the above
    • Dorsal, Dorsal Recumbent, Fowler's, Orthopneic, Sims,
    • Prone, Knee
    • Chest, Lithotomy, Trendelenburg, Sidelying
  15. Discuss the proper procedures that nurses implement in caring for
    a client with body hygiene needs.
    • Rationale, Procedures: Oral Care, Shampoo Hair, Nail Care,
    • Shaving,

    bathing: Shower, Partial/Full Bedbath, Perineal care.
  16. Define and discuss types of vital signs including normal ranges.
    • Vital signs: Temperature, Pulse, Respiration, Blood
    • Pressure. Normal
    • Ranges
  17. List the factors that influence vital signs
    • Age
    • Exercise
    • Hormones
    • Diurnal Variation
    • Stress
    • Environment
    • Ingested hot and Cold
    • Smoking
  18. Identify the route used to obtain a temperature
    Oral, Axillary, Rectal, Tympanic
  19. Identify the characteristics of skin and the causes of skin


    Characteristics: Integrity, Temperature, Turgor, Color.

    Causes: Poor circulation, Friction/pressure, Moisture
  20. Identify individuals at risk for developing decubitus ulcers.
    • Immobile
    • Malnourished
    • Incontinent
    • Low Hemoglobin,
    • Obese
    • Draining
    • Wounds
  21. Identify the nursing interventions with a post op client.
    • Airway
    • Breathing
    • Circulation
    • Consciousness,
    • System Review
    • Wound Care
    • Turn Patient
    • Cough Deep breath
    • Leg exercises
    • Ambulation
    • Pain
    • CMS Checks
    • Fluids
  22. Identify the nursing interventions with a pre-op client.

    Pre-Op Teaching

    • A. Informed Consent, Signed Consent, Anesthesia, Surgical Check List,
    • Medication
  23. Identify the normal characteristics of urine
    Color, Amount, Clarity, Specific Gravity/PH
  24. List 3 types of incontinence
    Stress, Urge, Functional
  25. List 7 factors that affect intestinal elimination
    • Amount of food consumed
    • Type
    • Fluid intake
    • Cycling
    • Drugs Nervous tension
    • Exercise
  26. Identify characteristics of normal stool
    • Frequency
    • Color
    • Odor
    • Consistency
    • Components
  27. List common alternatives in bowel elimination
    • Constipation
    • Fecal Impaction
    • Distention
    • Diarrhea
    • Incontinence
  28. State the rationale and proper procedures for administration of
    • Large volume, tap water enema, soap
    • suds
    • enema, hypertonic, oil retention, harris flush
  29. Discuss tubes that may be used in the GI Tract and rationale for
    Nasogastric tube, Gastric tube, Intestinal Tubes
  30. Discuss alternative methods of elimination and rationales for
    Colostomy, Urostomy, Jejunostomy, Ileostomy
    Colostomy, Urostomy, Jejunostomy, Ileostomy
  31. What liquids are considered clear?
    Water, tea, coffee, clear broths, ginger ale or other carbonated beverages, strained and cleared juices, and plain gelatin. (537)
  32. Describe the location and the names of all pulse points on the body.
    • Temporal (temples of the head, superior and lateral to the eyes)
    • Carotid (at the side of the neck where the carotid artery runs between the trachea and the sternocleidomastoid muscle)
    • Apical (located left of the sternum at the 4,5,6th intercostal space.)
    • Brachial (at the inner aspects of the biceps muscle of the arm)
    • Radial (where the radial artery runs along the radial bone, on the thumb side of the inner aspect of the wrist)
    • Femoral (where the femoral artery passes alongside the inguinal ligament)
    • Popliteal (behind the knee)
    • Posterior tibial (on the medial surface of the ankle where)
    • Dorsalis pedis (over the bones of the foot) (381)
  33. What is an enteric coated medication and why is the medication enteric coated?
    A tablet or caplet that is coated to so that medication is dissolved in the small intestine and not in the stomach. If the medicine is dissolved in the stomach, it could be neutralized by the stomach acid.
  34. What does the nurse need to be aware of with enteric coated medications?
    Enteric coated medications are not to be cut or crushed as it defeats the purpose of the coating. (651)
  35. What kind of pill can be cut in half?
    Pills that have scored marks.
  36. What does the nurse need to be aware of when giving a time released capsule or pill?
    Timed releases should never be crushed or opened because the pill is designed to slowly release medication. (651)
  37. Describe how to apply a condom catheter and what type of care is needed by the client with one.
    Prepare the patient in supine or a bed-sitting position. Drape the client with a bath blanket exposing only the penis. Inspect the penis for irritation or swelling for a baseline. Clean the genital area and dry it thoroughly. Apply the condom by rolling it over the penis, leaving 1 inch between the end of the penis and the rubber or plastic connecting tube. Secure the condom firmly by wrapping a strip of elastic tape or Velcro around the base of the penis over the condom. Securely attach the urinary drainage system. Attach the drainage bag to the bed frame, or the leg if patient is ambulatory. Change condom daily and provide perineal skin care. Patients with foreskin require extra attention to hygiene as bacteria can grow under the foreskin. Wash the area after condom removals. (586)
  38. List all interventions a nurse should use to prevent a client from having a fall.
    Encourage daily or more frequent contact with a friend or family member. Install a personal emergency response system. Maintain a physical environment that prevents falls. Encourage client to request assistance. Keep the bed in a low position. Install grab bars in the bathroom. Instruct client about orthostatic hypotension. Provide a bedside commode. More interventions on page (128).
  39. What does RACE stand for?

    A. Remove, Alarm, Contain, Extinguish
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