Study of people, groups, institutions, human activities in terms of social behavior and social order within socity
Concerned about institutions in society such as religion, family, government, education, and leisure.
Influence of social institutions on the individual, the social behavior and human relations that occur within a group or an institution, and how they influence the individual, and the interrelationship between various institutions within society, such as sport, education, religion, and government
Goals of Sport Sociology
Factors underlying the creation and the organization of sports.
Relationship between sport and other aspects of society.
Influence of sport and sport participation on individuals’ beliefs relative to equity, gender, race, ethnicity, disability, and other societal issues.
The social dynamics within the sport setting.
The influence of cultural, structural, and situational factors on the nature of sport and the sport experience.
The social processes associated with sport.
What does a sport sociologist do
Studies the behavior of individuals and groups within the sport milieu.
Influence of social relationships, past social experiences, and the social setting of sport activities on the behavior of groups and individuals in sport.
What is SPORT
Sports are well-established, officially governed competitive activities in which participants are motivated by internal and external rewards.”
Characteristics of Sport
What kind of activities can be classified as sport?
Under what circumstances can participation in activities be considered sport?
What characterizes the involvement of participants in sport?
Sports contribution to educational goals.
Arguments for and against interscholastic sports.
Overemphasis on winning
Specialization at early age
Restriction of opportunities for students
Quality of leadership
Losing sight of educational goals
Intercollegiate Sport Issues
Educational Sport -vs.- “Big Business”
Governance-NCAA, NAIA, NJCAA
Pressure to Win
May result in the abandonment of sportspersonship, character and social development.
Academic Achievement of “Student-Athletes”
Exploitation of athletes
Retention of Coaches
Title IX of the Educational Amendment Act 1972
no person ... shall on the basis of sex, be excluded form participation in, be denied the benefits of or be subjected to discrimination under any educational program or activity receiving federal assistance.”
Girls and Women in Sport
Expansion of opportunities due to:
increased visibility of women athlete role models
Factors limiting participation:
players from certain racial or ethnic groups are disproportionately represented at certain positions.
A reflection of stereotypical beliefs about racial and ethnic groups?