wildland final

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  1. #7 Safety glasses are acceptable to substitute for goggles?
  2. pulaski is what kind of tool?
  3. McLeod is what kind of tool?
  4. LCES and what it is
    • Lookouts, Communications, Escape Routes, Safety Zone
    • minimum level of hazard mitigation for initial attack
  5. spot fire
    fire burning outside of the perimeter of the main fire, usually caused by winds and firebrands
  6. what you wear under nomex
    100% cotton
  7. who orders burning ops.?
    • burning out- crew boss or above
    • backfiring- ops. section chief
  8. black and yellow flagging
    life threatening hazard
  9. anchor point
    • usualy a fire barrier, from which to start constructing fireline
    • used to minimize chance of being flanked by the fire
    • small fires or isolated areas of large fires
    • in light fuels such as grass and brush
    • when fire responds to topography an runs uphill
    • when there is unexpected shift in wind direction/speed
  11. 18 watch out situations
    • fire not scouted and sized up
    • in country not seen in daylight
    • safety zones and escapes routes not identified
    • unfamiliar with weather and local factors influencing fire behavior
    • uninformed on stategy and tactics
    • instructions and assignments not understood
    • no communication link with crewmembers or sup.
    • constructing line without a safe anchor point
    • building fireline downhill with fire below
    • attempting frontal assault on fire
    • unburned fuel between you and the fire
    • cannot see main fire not in contact with someone who can
    • on a hillside where rolling materials can ignite fuel below
    • weather is getting hotter and drierwind increases and or changes direction
    • frequent spot fires across line
    • terrain and fuels make escape to safety zones difficult
    • taking a nap near fireline
  12. 10 standing orders
    • keep informed on fire weather conditions and forecasts
    • know what your fire is doing at all times
    • base all actions on current and expected behavior of the fire
    • identify escape routes and safety zones, make them known
    • post lookouts when there is possible danger
    • be alert. keep calm. think cleary. act decisively.
    • maintain prompt communication with your forces, your sup. and adjoining forces
    • give clear instructions and insure they are understood
    • maintain control of your forces at all times
    • fight fire aggresively having provided for safety first
  13. safety zones
    • the burn
    • natural features
    • constucted features
  14. out of county bag should be packed for...
    14 days
  15. how fire shelters protect you/ main functions
    • reflect radiant heat
    • provide cooler breathable air to protect airway
  16. when to check shelters and most common damage
    • when issued to you
    • beginning of each season
    • every two weeks during season
    • when you suspect damage

    • abrasion is the most common damage
    • tears longer than 1/2"
  17. area size to be cleared for deployment
  18. subjective and objective hazards
    • sub- one has control over
    • obj- one has no control over
  19. postioning engine when protecting a structure
    back in to position
  20. #69
    50 ft. away from dozer
  21. risk management process
    • situation awareness
    • hazard assesment
    • hazard control
    • decision point
    • evaluate
  22. spacing during handline construction
    • 10 ft. 
    • supervisor sets pace and selects route
  23. *reports hazards to...
  24. *how often do you inspect a gasket
    everytime you roll the hose
  25. how much water does backpack pump hold
    5 gallons
  26. backfiring
    • backfiring is defensive attack when line is constructed starting fire at line to burn back towards fire and clear fuels
    • burning out is offensive when you burn pockets of fuel to prevent fire from building up and jumping line
  27. *how often should you place a tee
    every 200 ft.
  28. bump up
    2 crews one jumps ahead when they meet the line of the other
  29. 2 mop up methods
    • dry mop up- no water, boneyarding, dirt
    • wet mop up- foam, water, mixing dirt
  30. attack methods
    • direct- right along the fire
    • indirect- bump off to use natural barrier, ridgeline
    • flanking or parallel attack- similar to indirect
  31. difference between trench and water bars 
    • water bar towards the green 
    • trenches to the black
  32. *universal sign to stop durinig mobile attack
    3 honks with horn or one long horn
  33. drip torch mix
    2 parts diesel 1 part gasoline
  34. how full should a drip torch be
  35. *downslope winds
    • can occur when ridgeline drops into a canyon
    • most occur after midnight cool air sinks fasters than air in valley
  36. fuel and six basic types
    • any burnable material
    • grass
    • grass shrub
    • shrub
    • timber understory
    • timber litter
    • slash/blowdown
  37. *safest area to work on fire
    ridgeline or the black
  38. slope
    percent of incline on a hill
Card Set
wildland final
Wildland final
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