MA-70 Ch 13

  1. albumin
    (1)a simple protein widely distributed in tissues and acts as a carrier molecule and helps maintain blood volume and blood pressure; (2)chemical test used to detect the presence of albumin in the urine
  2. albuminuria
    presence of albumin in the urine (syn = proteinuria)
  3. antispasmodic
    drug that relieves spasm
  4. anuria
    absence of urine formation
  5. azotemia
    excess of urea and other nitrogenous waste in the blood caused by kidney failure (syn = uremia)
  6. bacteriuria
    presence of bacteria in the blood
  7. calyx
    singular form of calyces
  8. calyces
    ducts that carry urine from the nephrons to the renal pelvis
  9. catheterization
    use or passage of a catheter
  10. cortex
    outer part of the kidney (cortex = bark)
  11. cystitis
    inflammation of the bladder
  12. cystoscope
    instrument for interior examination of bladder and ureter
  13. cystoscopy
    examination of the bladder using a rigid or flexible cystoscope
  14. cystotomy
    incision of the bladder
  15. cystourethrogram
    x-ray image of the bladder and urethra
  16. dialysis
    the passage of a solute through a membrane; process of diffusing blood across a semipermeable membrane to remove toxic materials
  17. diuretic
    drug that increases the secretion of urine
  18. dysuria
    painful urination
  19. enuresis
    involuntary discharge of urine, usually referring to a lack of bladder control
  20. extracorporeal
    outside the body
  21. glomeruli
    plural of glomerulus
  22. glomerulonephritis
    form of nephritis (inflammation of the kidney) involving the glomerulus
  23. glomerulus
    small, ball-shaped cluster of capillaries located at the top of each nephron
  24. glucosuria
    glucose (sugar) in the urine
  25. glycosuria
    glucose (sugar) in the urine
  26. hematuria
    presence of blood in the urine
  27. hemodialysis
    method of removing impurities by pumping the patient;s blood through a dialyzer
  28. hydronephrosis
    pooling of urine in dilated areas of the renal pelvis and calyces of one or both kidneys
  29. incontinence
    involuntary discharge of urine or feces
  30. ketones
    chemical test used to detect the presence of ketone bodies in the urine
  31. ketonuria
    presence of ketone bodies in the urine
  32. lithotripsy
    the use of sound waves to fragment or crush stones obstructing the bladder, gallbladder, ureter, or urinary bladder
  33. medulla
    inner part of the kidney
  34. nephrectomy
    surgical removal of a kidney
  35. nephritis
    inflammation of the kidney
  36. nephrolith
    a kidney stone
  37. nephrolithiasis
    presence of renal stones or stones
  38. nephrolithotomy
    incision into the kidney for the removal of stones
  39. nephron
    microscopic functional units of the kidney, comprised of kidney cells and capillaries, each of which is capable of forming urine
  40. nephrorrhaphy
    suture of an injured kidney
  41. nephrosis
    degenerative disease of the renal tubules
  42. nephrotomy
    incision into the kidney
  43. nocturia
    urination at night
  44. nocturnal enuresis
    bed-wetting during sleep
  45. oliguria
    scanty production of urine
  46. polyuria
    condition of excessive urination
  47. proteinuria
    presence of albumin in the urine (syn = albuminuria)
  48. pyelitis
    inflammation of the pelvis of the kidney and its calyces
  49. pyelogram
    an x-ray image of the ureter and renal pelvis
  50. pyelonephritis
    inflammation of the renal pelvis
  51. pyeloplasty
    surgical reconstruction of the renal pelvis
  52. pyuria
    presence of pus in the urine, usually indicating infection
  53. renal
    pert. to the kidney
  54. retrograde
    moving backwards; degenerating from a better to a worse state
  55. suprapubic
    located above the pubic arch
  56. suprapubic catheter
    indwelling catheter inserted directly in the bladder through an abdominal incision above the pubic bone that includes a collection system that allows urine to be drained into a bag
  57. urea
    waste product formed in the liver, filtered out of the blood by the kidneys, and excreted in urine
  58. uremia
    excess of urea and other nitrogenous waste in the blood (syn = azotemia)
  59. ureter
    tube that carries urine from the kidney to the bladder
  60. ureteral
    pert. to the ureter
  61. ureteropelvic
    pert. to the ureter and the renal pelvis
  62. ureteropelvic junction
    point of connection between the renal pelvis and the ureter
  63. urethra
    single canal that carries urine to the outside of the body
  64. urethral
    pert. to the urethra
  65. urethralgia
    pain in the urethra (syn = urethrodynia)
  66. urethritis
    inflammation of the urethra
  67. urethrocystitis
    inflammation of the urethra and bladder
  68. urethrodynia
    pain in the urethra (syn = urethralgia)
  69. urinalysis
    physical, chemical, and microscopic examination of urine
  70. urinary
    pert. to, secreting, or containing urine
  71. urinate
    to pass urine from the bladder
  72. urine
    fluid produced by the kidneys, containing water and waste products
Card Set
MA-70 Ch 13
Medical Terminology