AR #8

  1. Anticholinergic drugs
    • 1. BLock Acetylcholine
    • 2. Central and Peripheral effects
    • 3. Peripheral --> Blurred vision! dry mouth, constipation

    4. NO diarrhea or tremors
  2. Gender role of kids
    • STRONGER than biological sex
    • with children of both genders
  3. ADHD & Brain regions
    1. Frontal lobe = higher order

    2. Striatium = basal ganglia

    3. cerebullum = motor activity
  4. Opiod treatment in regular physician office uses ____?

    methadone is for clinics only
  5. bulemics have low potasium/electrolytes leading to___
  6. Anorexics
    refuse to maintain body weight
  7. I/O Kirkpatrick

    4 levels
    • 1. reaction
    • 2. learning
    • 3. bx
    • 4. results

    5th ==Phillips 'return on investment'
  8. ethics structure
    intro = just that

    preamble & Gen principals = aspirational goals

    ethical standards = enforcable rules
  9. crisis and brief therapies
    • 1. crisis stages: formulation; implementation; termination
    • goals = 5-8 sessions, cope effective, reuce sxs, previous level of function.

    1a. Brif TX: goals/time limits/alliance/best w/ acute onset stabel folks. always theory based. In psychodynamic, positive transfernece encouraged. BUT not enough time for transference neurosis. 

    2. Solution focused - client has the resources to achieve goals.function. <6 sessions; change=inevitable; exception qestions, scaling question, miracle question

    • 3. Interpersonal tx: manualized, short term, medical model
    • Mixes Sx reduction with imporved interpersonal relations
  10. Hollnad, what is differentiated profile?
    High in only one!
  11. Family: Object relations
    7. Object relations+INSIGHT, not systems, Problems=transferences!
  12. Family : Operant
    6. Operant: quid pro quo
  13. Family: Haley +
     5. Strategic family (Haley). quick change of current roblem. Insight=BAD=resistancebonds with whole family versus ind. 1. paradox, 2. freframe, 3. circular ?ing

    5a. Milan: systemic family (very similar): therapy team, two way mirror, etc. 
  14. Minuchin
    4. Structural Functional (MInuchin): low SESBxs rather than insight!    family=system, w/ implivct structure(s); subsystmes form =bad=triangulation/detouring.Boundaries = rules for contact --> bad=enmeshment (blurry); disengagement (rigid).Treatment: 1. joinn (mimesis tracking)2. eval (trancactions/boundaries w/ Family Map); 3. Restructure (via homeostasis) enact, reframe, enable, block  
  15. Bowen family therapy
    3. Extended Family (Bowen):differential of self= emo from intel. function!Truiangulation = 2 in conflict draw inthe 3rdLow differentiation = high triangulationTreat --> genogram, therapeutic triangle (therapist w/ 2 fam members.
  16. family therapy: palo alto family therapy?
    2. Communication/Interaction: palo alto: foundational:     Double bind; symetrical Interaction (peer:peer=competition); compimentary interaction (boss:employee)
  17. family therapy: general systems
    1. General systems: Homeostasis: neg feedback; pos. feedback
  18. I/O Fiedler

    Least preferred coworker

    • 1. low LPC= good in high or low control
    • 2. High LPC= good in moderate
  19. satiations therapy versus Orgasmic reconditioning
    satiations: masturbate to cum w/ good thoughts; switch to bad thoughts after orgasm

    orgasmic: start with bad thoughts, switch to goosd when cumming
  20. western therapy values (three)
    • 1. cause/effect
    • 2. open/intimate
    • 3. distinguish mental and physical as different

    NOT adhere to a schedlue
  21. focal meidal temporal 
    memeory impairment only
  22. brain structure: tourettes, autism, ocd
    fronatl lobes and basal ganglia
  23. ecology falacy?


    mismatched labels to get results

    logic in circualr thinking IV is really just = to DV

    god made it so
  24. i/o 

    strongest justice?
    Procedural! best preidctor of job satisfaction but other justices matter too. 
  25. treatment stats:

    Lifetime? by what age?

    % meet dsm in life

    treatment time to?
    50% by 14 years old

    50% meet full criteria in life, most minor

    60% get no treatment within first year; decade = median delay
  26. crytomnesia
    think thoughts ideas of another are really your own
  27. divorce: early link, later link
    1. criticism, defensive, contempt, stonewall = 0-7 years

    2. suppressed affect = ;ater years or when kid is 14
  28. gender perception of harrassment?
    • men and women = same with severe
    • women more sensitve to mild/moderate
  29. synchrony effect?
    tasks:time of day

    • 0-12 y/o morning
    • swithches to evening in adolescense
    • rotates back. old people sharp in morning
  30. cue deflection


    backward blocking
    1. extinction to one cue increases reaction to another

    2. extinction by more salient CS

    3. CR to 2nd stimulus is reduced
  31. Bio feedback types
    • EMG = muscle = stress tension headacje, pain, incontinence
    • EDR = skin = stress hyper sweating
    • EEG = brain = adhd, depression, epilepsy
    • HRV = heart = stress and blood pressure
    • Thermal/Skin temp = migraine??
  32. light tx with SAD
    light works with : atypical (carb crave or hypersomnia) versus melacholy and weight loss

    clear onset w/ spring summer remission  good for light
  33. Nuegarten
    > 40 yo = "time to death"
  34. compressed work week

    no improvment in absenteeism & objective ratings/most else imporved: i.e. subjective ratings...

    decreased tardiness/absenteeism
  35. i/o



    • 1. circumscription & compromise = gender and prestige
    • The proposed stages of circumscription are: • Orientation to size and power (age 3–5). Children become aware that adults have roles in the world. They realise that they will eventually become adults and take on roles for themselves. • Orientation to sex roles (age 6–8). Children begin to categorise the world around them with simple concrete distinctions. They become aware of the more recognisable job roles and begin to assign them to particular sexes. They will start to see jobs which do not match their gender identity as unacceptable. • Orientation to social values (age 9–13). By now children have encountered a wider range of job roles and are capable of more abstract distinctions. They begin to classify jobs in terms of social status (income, education level, lifestyle, etc.) as well as sex-type. Based on the social environment in which they develop they will begin to designate some jobs as unacceptable because they fall below a minimum status level (tolerable level boundary) and some higher status jobs as unacceptable because they represent too much effort or risk of failure (tolerable effort boundary). • Orientation to internal, unique self (age 14+). Until this point circumscription has been mainly an unconscious process. As entry into the adult world approaches young people engage in a conscious search of the roles still remaining in their social space. In this process they use increasingly complex concepts such as interests, abilities values, work-life balance and personality to exclude options which do not fit with their self image and identify an appropriate field of work. [Here more sophisticated matching theories such as Holland-RIASEC become relevant.]

    2. 5 stage model; satisfaction;  expreession and self-concept =-happiness in the work role

    3. social learning theory
  36. anxious young people
    less likely comorbid depression
  37. ethnic group sensitvie to meds
    asians; more side effects, lower doses for efficacy
  38. OCEAN strongest correlate with job satisfaction?

    1. neuroticism = strong negative correlation

    2. conscientiousness
  39. Intensity/performance
    Yerks Dodson: inverted U

    IZOF = individual zones

    Ctastrophe - cognitive aspect

    reversal = how athlete interprets + or -, is the key
  40. PD that goess away with age

    PD with symptoms that also remit, but bad effects can last
    BPD >40 y/o

    ASPD violence goes away but still an asshole
  41. sleep stages

    hypnagogic v. hypnopompic
    alphabetical order!

    hypnagogic wake to sleep

    hypnopompic = sleep to wake
  42. borderline int. function differential?
    FSIQ 71-75 + level of social deficits
  43. persuasion doesn't work when:
    Ego is involved
  44. Diabetes Mellitus



    1. increased appetite w/ weight LOSS; confusion, dull, apathy (hypoinsulin)

    2. High cortisol, labile, low memory, depression, obesity, 

    3. Graves -  heat intolerate due to high metabolism

    4. slow metabolism, low apetite with weifght gain, low body temp (cold!) low libido
  45. depression patch?

    low dose = no restriction due to MAIO
  46. retroactive versus proactive interference
    1. retroactive: recall of X is impaired by new stuff. more time passed = more potential. 

    2. proactive: recall of X is impaired by previously learned stuff.
  47. 2nd biggest cause of retardation
    • conenital cytomesulovirus (herpes)
    • retardation + hearing/visual impairment
  48. psychophysics: Weber:
    Just noticable diff
  49. Sternbergs triarchal
    • 1. experiential =  creative, new
    • 2. conponentiual = analytical
    • 3. contextual = responses to environment
  50. neurolinguistic programming therapist does what 
    matches client words, posture, etc. 
  51. General adaptation sundrome (1-3)
    • 1. alartm
    • 2. resistance (don't freak out in meeting with bosses)
    • 3. exhaustion
  52. code switching occurs when"
    bilinguals go back andf forth in coversation
  53. kids get self-=conscious at 
    18-24 months
  54. Tourette's most common comorbid?
    adhd = contributes to LD
  55. anger mgt. with kids?
    not so good, doesn't include others in environemnt
  56. Panic d/o w/ agoraphobia; lest common comorbid?
  57. Sexism is____

    according to who and why?
    1. present around the world

    • 2. glick and fiske: ambivolent sexism theory
    • mix of hostil and benevolent sexism:  questionarre around the world
  58. chromosomes

    • 1. Downs/Klinefetter (xtra X; only boys; mild cog impariment; undeveloped 2ndary sex characteristics & often sterile)
    • 2. Turner - girls only
    • 3. Part missing: prader-willis; cru-du-chat
  59. moderator vs. mediator hahahahah
    moderator influence strength of direction of raltionship:

    IV=journaling DV = reduced deprssion MOD=writing ability

    • Mediator: explains relationship between IV and DV
    •     If removed, no relationship exists. 
  60. paraphasia
    simialr phonemes or words  instead of specific words
Card Set
AR #8
Test #8 AR