- 1. BLock Acetylcholine
- 2. Central and Peripheral effects
- 3. Peripheral --> Blurred vision! dry mouth, constipation
4. NO diarrhea or tremors
Gender role of kids
- STRONGER than biological sex
- with children of both genders
ADHD & Brain regions
1. Frontal lobe = higher order
2. Striatium = basal ganglia
3. cerebullum = motor activity
Opiod treatment in regular physician office uses ____?
methadone is for clinics only
bulemics have low potasium/electrolytes leading to___
refuse to maintain body weight
- 1. reaction
- 2. learning
- 3. bx
- 4. results
5th ==Phillips 'return on investment'
intro = just that
preamble & Gen principals = aspirational goals
ethical standards = enforcable rules
crisis and brief therapies
- 1. crisis stages: formulation; implementation; termination
- goals = 5-8 sessions, cope effective, reuce sxs, previous level of function.
1a. Brif TX: goals/time limits/alliance/best w/ acute onset stabel folks. always theory based. In psychodynamic, positive transfernece encouraged. BUT not enough time for transference neurosis.
2. Solution focused - client has the resources to achieve goals.function. <6 sessions; change=inevitable; exception qestions, scaling question, miracle question
- 3. Interpersonal tx: manualized, short term, medical model
- Mixes Sx reduction with imporved interpersonal relations
Hollnad, what is differentiated profile?
High in only one!
Family: Object relations
7. Object relations+INSIGHT, not systems, Problems=transferences!
Family : Operant
6. Operant: quid pro quo
Family: Haley +
5. Strategic family (Haley). quick change of current roblem. Insight=BAD=resistancebonds with whole family versus ind. 1. paradox, 2. freframe, 3. circular ?ing
5a. Milan: systemic family (very similar): therapy team, two way mirror, etc.
4. Structural Functional (MInuchin): low SESBxs rather than insight! family=system, w/ implivct structure(s); subsystmes form =bad=triangulation/detouring.Boundaries = rules for contact --> bad=enmeshment (blurry); disengagement (rigid).Treatment: 1. joinn (mimesis tracking)2. eval (trancactions/boundaries w/ Family Map); 3. Restructure (via homeostasis) enact, reframe, enable, block
Bowen family therapy
3. Extended Family (Bowen):differential of self= emo from intel. function!Truiangulation = 2 in conflict draw inthe 3rdLow differentiation = high triangulationTreat --> genogram, therapeutic triangle (therapist w/ 2 fam members.
family therapy: palo alto family therapy?
2. Communication/Interaction: palo alto: foundational: Double bind; symetrical Interaction (peer:peer=competition); compimentary interaction (boss:employee)
family therapy: general systems
1. General systems: Homeostasis: neg feedback; pos. feedback
Least preferred coworker
- 1. low LPC= good in high or low control
- 2. High LPC= good in moderate
satiations therapy versus Orgasmic reconditioning
satiations: masturbate to cum w/ good thoughts; switch to bad thoughts after orgasm
orgasmic: start with bad thoughts, switch to goosd when cumming
western therapy values (three)
- 1. cause/effect
- 2. open/intimate
- 3. distinguish mental and physical as different
NOT adhere to a schedlue
focal meidal temporal
memeory impairment only
brain structure: tourettes, autism, ocd
fronatl lobes and basal ganglia
mismatched labels to get results
logic in circualr thinking IV is really just = to DV
god made it so
Procedural! best preidctor of job satisfaction but other justices matter too.
Lifetime? by what age?
% meet dsm in life
treatment time to?
50% by 14 years old
50% meet full criteria in life, most minor
60% get no treatment within first year; decade = median delay
think thoughts ideas of another are really your own
divorce: early link, later link
1. criticism, defensive, contempt, stonewall = 0-7 years
2. suppressed affect = ;ater years or when kid is 14
gender perception of harrassment?
- men and women = same with severe
- women more sensitve to mild/moderate
tasks:time of day
- 0-12 y/o morning
- swithches to evening in adolescense
- rotates back. old people sharp in morning
1. extinction to one cue increases reaction to another
2. extinction by more salient CS
3. CR to 2nd stimulus is reduced
Bio feedback types
- EMG = muscle = stress tension headacje, pain, incontinence
- EDR = skin = stress hyper sweating
- EEG = brain = adhd, depression, epilepsy
- HRV = heart = stress and blood pressure
- Thermal/Skin temp = migraine??
light tx with SAD
light works with : atypical (carb crave or hypersomnia) versus melacholy and weight loss
clear onset w/ spring summer remission good for light
> 40 yo = "time to death"
compressed work week
no improvment in absenteeism & objective ratings/most else imporved: i.e. subjective ratings...
- 1. circumscription & compromise = gender and prestige
- The proposed stages of circumscription are: • Orientation to size and power (age 3–5). Children become aware that adults have roles in the world. They realise that they will eventually become adults and take on roles for themselves. • Orientation to sex roles (age 6–8). Children begin to categorise the world around them with simple concrete distinctions. They become aware of the more recognisable job roles and begin to assign them to particular sexes. They will start to see jobs which do not match their gender identity as unacceptable. • Orientation to social values (age 9–13). By now children have encountered a wider range of job roles and are capable of more abstract distinctions. They begin to classify jobs in terms of social status (income, education level, lifestyle, etc.) as well as sex-type. Based on the social environment in which they develop they will begin to designate some jobs as unacceptable because they fall below a minimum status level (tolerable level boundary) and some higher status jobs as unacceptable because they represent too much effort or risk of failure (tolerable effort boundary). • Orientation to internal, unique self (age 14+). Until this point circumscription has been mainly an unconscious process. As entry into the adult world approaches young people engage in a conscious search of the roles still remaining in their social space. In this process they use increasingly complex concepts such as interests, abilities values, work-life balance and personality to exclude options which do not fit with their self image and identify an appropriate field of work. [Here more sophisticated matching theories such as Holland-RIASEC become relevant.]
2. 5 stage model; satisfaction; expreession and self-concept =-happiness in the work role
3. social learning theory
anxious young people
less likely comorbid depression
ethnic group sensitvie to meds
asians; more side effects, lower doses for efficacy
OCEAN strongest correlate with job satisfaction?
1. neuroticism = strong negative correlation
Yerks Dodson: inverted U
IZOF = individual zones
Ctastrophe - cognitive aspect
reversal = how athlete interprets + or -, is the key
PD that goess away with age
PD with symptoms that also remit, but bad effects can last
BPD >40 y/o
ASPD violence goes away but still an asshole
hypnagogic v. hypnopompic
hypnagogic wake to sleep
hypnopompic = sleep to wake
borderline int. function differential?
FSIQ 71-75 + level of social deficits
persuasion doesn't work when:
Ego is involved
1. increased appetite w/ weight LOSS; confusion, dull, apathy (hypoinsulin)
2. High cortisol, labile, low memory, depression, obesity,
3. Graves - heat intolerate due to high metabolism
4. slow metabolism, low apetite with weifght gain, low body temp (cold!) low libido
low dose = no restriction due to MAIO
retroactive versus proactive interference
1. retroactive: recall of X is impaired by new stuff. more time passed = more potential.
2. proactive: recall of X is impaired by previously learned stuff.
2nd biggest cause of retardation
- conenital cytomesulovirus (herpes)
- retardation + hearing/visual impairment
Just noticable diff
- 1. experiential = creative, new
- 2. conponentiual = analytical
- 3. contextual = responses to environment
neurolinguistic programming therapist does what
matches client words, posture, etc.
General adaptation sundrome (1-3)
- 1. alartm
- 2. resistance (don't freak out in meeting with bosses)
- 3. exhaustion
code switching occurs when"
bilinguals go back andf forth in coversation
kids get self-=conscious at
Tourette's most common comorbid?
adhd = contributes to LD
anger mgt. with kids?
not so good, doesn't include others in environemnt
Panic d/o w/ agoraphobia; lest common comorbid?
according to who and why?
1. present around the world
- 2. glick and fiske: ambivolent sexism theory
- mix of hostil and benevolent sexism: questionarre around the world
- 1. Downs/Klinefetter (xtra X; only boys; mild cog impariment; undeveloped 2ndary sex characteristics & often sterile)
- 2. Turner - girls only
- 3. Part missing: prader-willis; cru-du-chat
moderator vs. mediator hahahahah
moderator influence strength of direction of raltionship:
IV=journaling DV = reduced deprssion MOD=writing ability
- Mediator: explains relationship between IV and DV
- If removed, no relationship exists.
simialr phonemes or words instead of specific words