Chapter 4 World Geography

  1. Which resources are not replaced by natural resources? 
  2. Which fuels are formed from prehistoric fossils?
    Fossil Fuels
  3. Which event required large amounts of fossil fuels? 
    The industrial Revolution
  4. What was the major fuel source for two centuries?
  5. What is the cleanest burning fossil fuel?
    Natural Gas 
  6. What are petrochemicals?
    fertilizers, carpet, etc.
  7. Which type of energy harnesses escaping steam from the earth?
  8. What are aerogenerators?
  9. What is the combination of physical and biological environments? 
  10. Which environment consists of those things that are inorganic? 
    Physical Environment
  11. Which environment consists of those things that are organic?
  12. What is the area where all life exists?
  13. What consists of land, freshwater, and saltwater? 
  14. What is the abiility of plants and animals to adjust to their environment? 
  15. What is a common characterisitic in the first 2-3 stages of a river's life? 
    cutting down into the earth
  16. What characterisitc does a river take on in its later stages?
    It begins to meander
  17. In which stage does rapids, waterfalls, and natural lakes appear? 
    Early youth
  18. In which stage does an ox bow appear? 
    Late maturity
  19. In which do deltas form and the river reaches sea level? 
    old age
  20. What is an area that is flooded for at least one half of the year? 
  21. What is an aquifer?
    Underground water that travels
  22. What is found above ground water and must be penetrated to get to it? 
    Water table
  23. What is one continuous body of water found on the earth's surface?
  24. Shallowest part of the ocean?
    Continental Shelf
  25. What contains every known element on the earth?
    Sea Water
  26. What is the difference between GDP and GNP? 
    • GDP is only those goods and services inside a country.
    • GNP is the total value of those goods and services. 
  27. Why are consumer goods important?
    They expand manufacturing
  28. What is the percentage of people who can read or write? 
    Literary rate
  29. How many people work in agriculture in developed countries?
  30. What is the orderly transferal from one plant community to the other? 
    Natural/Plant succesion
  31. What is the climax community? 

    What is one for this area? 
    A type of vegetation in final stage of succession. 

  32. What are the base minerals of soil?
  33. What is rot?
    Rapid decomposition
  34. What's Decay?
    Slow composition
  35. What is the down percolation of minerals into soil?
  36. Which soil type is found in the tropics and does not have base minerals?
  37. Which soil type is called Black Earth because it is very RICH? 
  38. What is desalinization? 

    Why is it not feasible?
    Changing salt water to freshwater. 

    Way too expensive..
  39. What builds up to cause global warming? 
  40. When did the ice ages occur?
    When CO2 was low. 
  41. What is watershed? 
    area of land drained by a river
  42. How much of the hydrosphere is freshwater? 
    Less than 1%
  43. What is a snowmelt river?

    An example?
    Snowmelt from mountains. 

    Colorado River. 
  44. What is a confluence river?

    Confluence of two smaller rivers. 

    The Ohio.
Card Set
Chapter 4 World Geography