Infectious disease I categories

  1. Prophylaxis
    drugs given to prevent infection (often used inappropriately). Approp. Uses; prior to surg., certain heart conditions, neutropenia, other (recurrent UTIs, STD contact, post- splenectomy, malaria for travelers, flu, etc)
  2. Supra Infection
    a new (2nd) infection that emerges during tx of the primary inf. “super-infection”, often caused by disruption of normal flora, more common w/ broad-spectrum antibiotics, very difficult to tx (superbug)
  3. Empiric therapy
    initiation of therapy before direct id of the organism. Often used during life-threatening & community acquired infections 
  4. Antibiotic classes
    • Penicillins- end in "Cillin"
    • Beta-lactamase inhibitors-"cillin" paired with another med.
    • Cephalosporins- begin in "Ceph" or "Cef" 
    • Imipenem(primaxin)
    • Tetracyclines- end in "cycline"
    • Macrolides- end in "thromycin"
    • Aminoglycosides- end in "cin" *careful not to mix up w/"thromtcin"
    • Sulfonamides- begin in "Sulf"
    • Fluoroquinolones- have "floxa" in
    • Clindamycin (cleomycin)
    • Metronidazole (flagyl)
    • Vancomycin (vancocin)
    • Antibiotics 4 antibiotic resistant bacteria
  5. Antifungal classes
    • Systemic:
    • Amphotericin B-actual name
    • Azoles- end in"azole"

    • Superficial Infections:
    • Griseofulvin
    • Nystatin
    • Terbinafine (lamasil)
  6. Beta Lactamase Inhibitors Drugs
    • Augmentin 
    • Unasyn
    • Timentin
    • Zosyn
  7. Antibiotics for antibiotic-resistant bacteria
    • Linezolid (zyvox)
    • Daptomycin (cubicin)
  8. TB drugs
    • Isoniazid
    • Rifampin
    • Pyrazinamide
    • ethambutol
Card Set
Infectious disease I categories
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