Small Animal Dental Formulas and Charting

  1. What do the lowercase letters in a puppy or kitten's dental formula mean?
    they represent temporary teeth
  2. How are individual teeth numbered?  And what is this called?
    • they are numbered as counted from the cent of the front backwards
    • this is called anatomic nomenclature
  3. Each tooth can be designated by a letter with a number as _____ or _____. 
    • superscript
    • postscript
  4. Which side the number is on indicates the ______.
    side of the head.
  5. Superscript or postscript indicates _____ or _____.
    upper or lower arcade
  6. Which tooth is C1?
    right upper canine tooth
  7. Which tooth is 1C?
    lower left canine tooth
  8. What is the more preferred system of nomenclature called?  How are the teeth assigned for this system?
    • modified triadan system
    • each quadrant of the mouth is assigned a hundred digit (100 = upper right, 200 = upper left, 300 = lower left, 400 = lower right)
  9. How are the baby teeth represent in the modified triadan system?
    • maxillary right quadrant = 500
    • maxillary left quadrant = 600
    • mandibular left quadrant = 700
    • mandibular right quadrant = 800
  10. What tooth is #504?
    deciduous upper right canine tooth
  11. Regardless of the species the canine tooth is always _____ and the first molar is always _____.
    • canine:  04
    • molar:  09
  12. How many teeth do cats have?  Dogs?
    • cats:  30
    • dogs:  42
  13. Which teeth are cats missing that makes them have less teeth than dogs?
    • the first upper premolars (105 and 205)
    • cats also only have one upper molar
    • cats have only premolars 3 and 4 on the lower jaw so in the lower jaw the count would go from 304 to 307 and 404 to 407 (missing 305, 306, 405, 406)
  14. What do all medical records need to include?
    • the owners name
    • address
    • telephone number
    • animals name
    • breed
    • age
    • sex of the patient
  15. Charts should be done during the _____ and not after because confusion or forgetfullness will lead to errors.
  16. What should dental charts include?
    • calculus index or grade
    • missing teeth
    • malformed or malpositioned teeth
    • supernumerary teeth
    • traumatized teeth
    • gingival index
    • stomatitis and kissing ulcers
    • tooth mobility
    • probing depth
    • gingival recession and hyperplasia
    • periodontal pockets (PP)
    • root exposed (RE)/gingival recession (GR)
    • total attachment loss (AL)
    • furcation lesions
    • attrition (AT)
    • abrasion (AB)
    • crowded teeth (CWD)
    • rotated teeth (ROT)
    • periodontal index
  17. How are missing teeth indicated on the chart?
    circling them
  18. How are retained teeth indicated on the chart?
  19. What is the abbreviation for closed fractures (involves only the enamel or dentin)?
  20. What is the abbreviation for open fractures (extends to the pulp)?
  21. What are the two ways open fractures can be classified?  What does it indicate?
    • V - vital
    • NV - non vital
    • this indicates if the pulp is alive or dead
  22. What are the different grades for tooth mobility?
    • 1 = barely moveable
    • 2 = obvious movement
    • 3 = floppy tooth
  23. What is the normal sulcus depth for dogs?
    4mm or less
  24. What is the normal sulcus depth for small dogs?
    2mm or less
  25. What is the normal sulcus depth for cats?
    1mm or less
  26. What does the gingival recession and hyperplasia together measure?
    the free gingiva
  27. The free gingiva margin should lap over the tooth crown at _____ in most portions of a dog's mouth.
  28. What does gingival recession measure?
    the amount of root exposed
  29. What does gingival hyperplasia measure?
    the amount the tissue is overlapping the crown
  30. How are the periodontal pockets measured?
    with the periodontal probe
  31. How do you get the total attachment loss?
    add together the #mm of gingival recession + the depth of the periodontal pocket
  32. How are furcation lesions graded?
    • F1 = depression in the furcation area
    • F2 = depression more than halfway under the crown, but not all the way through
    • F3 = when the probe can be passed all the way through the furcation
  33. What is attrition?
    refers to the loss of crown due to tooth to tooth contact (wear)
  34. What is abrasion?
    refers to the loss of crown due to contact with an outside source such as chewing on tennis balls, rocks, etc.
  35. How do we indicated crowded teeth on a chart?
    place { } around the teeth that are crowded
  36. How do we indicated a rotated tooth on a chart?
    an arrow is drawn to indicate the direction of rotation
  37. What is the periodontal index?
    • overal assessment of the condition of the gingiva
    • graded 1 - 4
Card Set
Small Animal Dental Formulas and Charting
Clinical Practice ll