Psychology 139 Chapter 11

  1. The Third Force
    Reaction against the deterministic nature of psychoanalysis and of the behavioral perspective.
  2. The roots of humanistic psychology
    Existential philosophy, and the experience of psychology
  3. Key elements of the humanistic approach.
    Personal Responsibility, living in the here and now, the phenomenology of the individual, and self-actualization and personal growth.
  4. Personal Responsibility
    We are responsible for what happens to us. We choose to do things, we don't have to do thing.
  5. Live in the here and now
    The humanistic perspective tells us that we cant fully functions until we live our lives as it happens.
  6. The Phenomenology of the individual.
    Nobody knows you better than yourself
  7. Self- actualization and personal growth
    • We like to have to find a way to meet our needs, we don;t just want them given to us.
    • Self-actualization= motivated to continue our development in a positive manner.
  8. Carl Rogers
    -Conditions of worth and unconditional positive regard
    Look it up
  9. Carl Rogers
    -The fully functioning person
    People who reach a sense of satisfaction with our lives.
  10. Abraham Maslow
    -Hierarchy of needs (name them all)
    • 5 basis categories of needs (some needs demand satisfaction before others)
    • Bottom to top

    • -Physiological Needs
    • -Safety Needs
    • -Belongingness and Love Needs
    • -Esteem Needs
    • -Needs for Self-actualization
  11. Maslow
    -Physiological Needs
    -Hunger, thirst, air and sleep. The most demanding needs
  12. Maslow
    Safety Needs
    Once physiological needs are met. Security, stability, protection, structure, freedom from fear.
  13. Maslow
    Belongingness and love need
  14. Maslow
    Esteem Needs
    • 2 parts
    • 1- the need to perceive yourself as achieving
    • 2-the need for admiration and respect
  15. Maslow
    Need for self-actualization
    Living to our full potential
  16. Maslow
    Deficiency motives
    A lack of some need (hunger thirst)
  17. Maslow
    Growth Needs
    Include unselfish giving of love to others and the development of one's unique potential.
  18. Maslow
    -Peak experiences
    Look it up
  19. Maslow
    -misconceptions about the hierarchy of needs
    • -Some people don't work in this order of needs. some people need high self esteem before they can love someone.
    • - the assumption that lower needs must be satisfied 100% before we can get to the higher needs.
  20. Maslow
    The study of psychologically - healthy people
    Maslow studies people who appeared to live a self-actualized life. They are less restricted by cultural norms and customs than the average person. Express desires freely.
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Psychology 139 Chapter 11
Psychology 139 chapter 11