REM sleep is initiated by a group of neurons in the _____ that secrete______.
dorsal pons; acetylcholine
Activation of the Ventral Lateral Preoptic Area results in
Neurons in the ______ send axons to the spinal cord, and this pathway may be responsible for the muscular paralysis that accompanies REM sleep.
A rebound phenomenon
occurs when REM sleep-deprived subjects are permitted to sleep normally.
The waking EEG is characterized by .
periods of alpha and beta activity.
______ neurons are found in the _______, and ______ neurons are found in the _______.
Serotonergic; raphe nuclei; histaminergic; tuberomammillary nucleus
During a cataplectic attack, the individual
is overcome by muscular paralysis.
Sleep apnea is
the inability to sleep and breathe at the same time.
A person afflicted with REM-sleep behavior disorder
is not paralyzed during dreaming and acts out the dream.
An important function of hypocretinergic neurons may be
to stabilize the flip-flop circuit that controls sleep and waking.
The right amount of sleep is
whatever seems to be enough.