Chapter 12 Glossary terms

  1. Direct Current (DC)
    Current in which charged particles travel through a circuit in only one direction
  2. Alternating Current (AC)
    A current in which electrons move back and forth in a circuit
  3. Transformer
    An electrical device that changes the size of the potential difference of an alternating current
  4. Circuit Breaker
    A safety device that is placed in series with other circuits that lead to applieances and outlets
  5. Fuse
    A safety device that is found in older buildings and some applieances; like a circuit breaker, it is placed in series with other circuits that lead to appliances and outlets.
  6. Electrical Power
    The rate at which an appliance uses electircal energy
  7. Watt (W)
    A unit of electrical power, 1 kilowatt = 1000 W
  8. Kilowatt (KW)
    A practical unit of electrical power; 1 kW = 1000 W
  9. Electrical Energy
    The energy that is used by an appliance at a given setting; is determined by multiplying its power rating by the length of time it ie used
  10. Kilowatt-hour (kW-h)
    The practical unit of electrical energy
  11. EnerGuide Label
    A label that gives details about how much energy an appliance uses in one year of normal use
  12. Smart Meter
    A meter that records the total electrical energy used hour by hour and sends this information to the utility company automatically
  13. Time of use pricing
    A system of pricing in which the cost of each kW-h of energy used is different at different times of the day
  14. Phantom Load
    The electricity that is consumed by an appliance or device when it is turned off
  15. Efficiency
    The ratio of useful energy output to total energy input, expressed as percentage
  16. Base Load
    The continuous minimum demand for electrical power
  17. Hydroelectric power generation
    The production of electricity using a source of moving water e.g. Niagara Falls
  18. Intermediate load
    A demand for electricity that is greater than the base load and is met by burning coal and natural gas
  19. Peak load
    The greatest demand for electricity which is met by using hydroelectric power and natural gas
  20. Renewable Energy Source
    A source of energy that can be replaced in a relatively brief period of time e.g. Solar
  21. Non-Renewable Energy Source
    A source of energy that cannot be replaced as quickly as it is used e.g. coal
  22. Solar Energy
    Energy that is directly converted from the energy of the Sun into electricity
  23. Photovoltaic effect
    The generation of a direct current when certain materials are exposed to light
  24. Biomass Energy
    Electrical energy that is generated from plant and animal matter.
Card Set
Chapter 12 Glossary terms
Chapter 12 glossary terms for ON Science 9