One in how many children in the US has high cholesterol
C. 5 -page 488
What is the term for high blood pressure?
D. Hypertension (page490)
Blood-cholesterol levels can most effectively lowered by what types of lifestyle changes?
C. Cut back on high-fat foods - page 490
What describes lipoproteins?
C. Compounds in the blood made up of proteins and fat -page490
What is not considered a controllable risk factor for heart disease?
C. Genetic predisposition
Metabolic syndrome includes all of the following except?
a. abdominal obesity
c. high insulin levels
d. high cholesterol levels
Metabolic syndrome makes a person more likely to develop what type of disease?
a. heart disease
a. is referred to as type one diabetes
b. occurs most often in children and teenagers
c. is known as juvenile-onset diabetes
d. occurs in pregnant women
Which of the following is not a warningsign for type 2 diabetes?
a. flu-like symptoms
b. nagging cough
c. increased thrist
d. slow-healing sores
If hypertention is left untreated, it may lead to the development of all of the following health conditions except?
a. sickle-cell anemia
b. kidney failure
Which of the following parameters describes what is considered a healthy blood pressure reading?
d. above 160/100
Systolic below 115, Diastolic below 75- page497
In evaluating the risk for heart disease in men, which of the folowing would not be a desirable feature?
a. total cholesterol below 200mg/dl
b. LDL levels below 160mg/dl
c. HDL levels at least 60mg/dl
d. LDL levels above 160mg/dl
LDL levels above 160mg/dl page503
Which of the following would not be an effective strategy for lowering blood cholesterol levels?
a. physical activities
b. regular alcohol consumption
c. weight management
Regular alcohol consumption- page 504
The heart muscle is called the?
d. cardial layer
The pulmonary arteries pump blood to the what?
The smallest blood-vessels, which supply oxygen and nutrients to the cells of the tissues are called what?
a. vena cava
Which of the following potential risks for heart disease can be controlled?
a. male mattern baldness
c. psychosocial factors
Artirioscherosis can be described as?
a. curvature of the spine
b. hardening of the arteries
c. narrowing of the artery channels due to plaque
d. scar tissue in the skin
hardening fo the arteries- page 511
To reverse atherosclerosis without medication, one could safely employ all of the following methods except?
a. a very low-fat, vegeterian diet
b. yoga or meditation
c. stress reduction
d. very rigorous excercise
Very rigorous excercise -page 511
Which of the following best describes angina pectoris?
a. tempory drop in the oxygen supply to the heart, causin pain
b. hardening of the arteries
c. death of the cardiac cells
d. spasm of the heart
Temporaty drop in the oxygen supply to the heart, causing pain- page512
The term myocardial infarction describes
a. an infection of the pericardium
b. a heart attack
c. a spasm of the heart
d. hardening of the heart
A heart attact- page512
Warning signs of a heart attack may include all butwhich of the following?
c. sharp, stabbing pain in the chest
d. cold, clammy skin
Sharp, stabbing pains in the chest -page512
For victims of cardiac arrest, immediate use of which of the following techniques would keep the heart pumping until help arrives?
a. ballon angioplasty
c. bypass breathing
d. atrial fibrillation
Cardio pulmonary resuscitation (CPR) page 513
When the blood supply to a portion of the brain is blocked, it causes a what?
c. heart attack
d. dizzy spell
What term in used to describe a "little stroke""
a. transient ischemic attack
d. myocardial infection
Transient ischemic attack -page516
What develops when abnormal cells divide and creat other adnormal cells
d. attachment cells
What does it mean when a tumor is benign?
a. it is not life-threatening
b. it is cancerous
c. is it filled with viruses
d. it has normal cells in it
It's not life-threatening
Which of the following would not be a risk factor for strokes?
b. low-red blood-cell count
Low red blood-cell count -page 514
When a tumor is considered cancerous it is called?
When cancer cells spread through the bloodstream or lymphatic system, they have?
The most common type of cancer in men is?
Prostate cancer -page 518
The leading cause of cancer death in men and women is?
a. colon cancer
b. pancreatic cancer
d. lung cancer
Lung cancer -page518
All of the following are types of cancer except? a. carcinoma
Papillomas - page 520
The most common type of cancer in women?
Breast Cancer -page 518
Which of the following types of cancer start in the epithelium?
Carcinomas -page 520
The cancer that forms in the supporting or connective tissues is known as what?
Sarcoma -page 520
What type of cancer arises in the cells of the lymph system?
Lymphoma - page 520
What type of skin cancer that involves the top layer of sking is called?
b. squamous cells
c. basal cell
Squamous cell - page 520
What symptom does not fit as a potential warning sign of cancer?
b. nagging coughs
d. a sore that does not heal
headaches - page 520
All of the following are risk factors for the development of breast cancer except? a. race
c. late onset of menstruation
d. family history
late onset of menstruation -page 522-523
A woman's best tool for early detection of breast cancer is an exam called?
a. pap smear
d. breast self-exam
Mammogram -page 523
When a surgeon removes a breat cancer tumor along with a small amount of surrounding normal tissue, it's identified as what?
b. radial removal
c. radial mastectomy
d. radiation treatment
Epilepsy is characterized by what?
a. usually fatal
b. characterized by seizures
c. often seen in those with lower intellegence
d. rarely manageable with medications
Seizures -page 527
Which of the following is not a self-help measure for dealing with ulcers?
a. increasing caffeine intake
b. avoiding aspirin
c. taking antiacids
d. eating small, frequent meals
increasing caffeine intake -page528
Asthama is characterized by?
a. a sneezing, runny nose
b. an autoimmune response of the lungs
c. constriction of the breathing passages
d. allergy-like symptoms