The term diagnosing refers to the reasoning process, but what is the meaning of diagnosis?
A statement or conclusion regarding the nature of a phenomenon.
Diagnosing: Analyze date, Identify health problems, risks, and strenghts, Formulate Diagnostic statements
The purpose of North American Nursing Diagnosis Association (NANDA) is defined as:
The purose of NANDA is to define, refine, and promote a taxonomy of nursing dianostic terminology of general use to professtional nurses
A ______ is a classification system or set of categories arranged based on a single principle or set of principles.
The five types of nursing diagnoses are actual, risk, wellness, possible, and syndrome. What does each diagnosis mean?
1. Actual Diagnosis: A client problem that is present at the time of the nursing assessment. Eamples;ineffective breathing patterns and anxiety.
2. Risk Nursing Diagnosis: A clinical judgment that a problem does not exist, but the presence of risk factors indicate that a problem is likely to develop unless nurses intervine. Example; people admitted to a hospital have possibility of getting an infecton, client with a compromised immune system are at higher risk than others
3. Wellness Diagnosis: "Describes human responses to levels of wellness in an individual, family or community that have a readiness for enhancement." Example;readiness for enhanced family processess/ enhanced spiritual well-being
4. Possible Nursing Dianosis: One in which evidence about a health problem is incomplete or unclear. Example; an elderly widow who lives alone is admitted to the hospital, she has no visitors and is pleased with attention and conversation from the nursing staff. Nurse may write a nursing diagnosis of Possible Isolation related to unknown etology.
5. Syndrome Diagnosis: A diagnosis that is associated with a cluster of oter diagnoses. Example; risk for disuse syndrome may be experienced by long-term bedridden clients.
What are the three components of nursing diagosis and there definition?
1. Problem: The problem statement describes the client's health problem or response for which nursing therapy is given. Describes the health status clearly in a few words. Purpose is to direct the formation of clients goals and desired outcomes.
2. Etology: The etiology component of a nursing diagosis identifies one or more probable causes of the health problem, gives direction to the required nursing therapy, and enables the nurse to individualize the client's care.
3. Defining Characteristics: are the cluster of signs and symptoms that indicate the presence of a particular diagnostic label. The client's signs and symptoms for actual nursing diagnoses. The factors that cause the client to be more vulerable to the problem form the etiology of a risk nursing diagnosis.
Differentiating Nursing Diagnoses from Medical Diagnoses
A nursing diagnosis is a statement of nursing judgment and refers to a condition that nurses, by virtue or their education, experience, and expertise, are licensed to treat. A medical diagnosis is made by a physician and refers to a condition that only a physician can treat.
Dirrerentiating Nursing Diagnoses from Collaborative Problems
A collaborative problem is a type of potential problem that nurses manage using both independent and physician-prescribed intervention.