Science Quiz Review #1

  1. What is the definition of rock?
    a naturally formed solid mixture of one or more minerals or organic matter 

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  2. What is texture?
    the quality of a rock that is based on the sizes and shapes and positions of the rock's grains

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  3. What is igneous rock?
    Rock formed from the cooling and solidification of magma beneath the Earth's surface.

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  4. What is extrusive igneous rock?
    Rock that forms as a result of volcanic activity at or near the Earth's surface.

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  5. What is sedimentary rock?
    Rock that forms at the Earth's surface from the deposition of sediment; produces layers.

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  6. What are strata?
    Layers of rock

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  7. What is clastic sedimentary rock?
    Rock made from rock fragments cemented together

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  8. What is stratification?
    • The process in which sedimentary rocks are arranged in layers.
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  9. What is metamorphic rock?
    Rock in which the structure, texture, or composition of the rock has changed.

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  10. What is foliated metamorphic rock?
    This rock usually contains lined grainsof flat materials.

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  11. What is non-foliated metamorphic rock?
    This rock is commonly made of one or a few minerals. 

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  12. What is deformation?
    A change in the shape of a rock. (folding and faulting)

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  13. What is composition?
    The chemical make-up of a rock; describes either the minerals or other materials in the rock.
  14. What is chemical sedimentary rock?
    Rock that forms from solutions of dissolved minerals and water.

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  15. What is organic sedimentary rock?
    Rocks made out of coral and fossils.

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Card Set
Science Quiz Review #1
K'hiate's science quiz review for 11/7/12