Bio Ch 25

  1. aggression
    antagonist behavior, normally among members of the same species, often resulting from competition for resources
  2. altruism
    a behavior that benefits other individuals while reducing the fitness of the individual that performs the behavior
  3. behavior
    any observable activity of a living animal
  4. communication
    the act of producing a signal that causes a receiver, normally another animal of the same species, to change its behavior in a way that is, on average, beneficial to both the signaler and receiver
  5. dominance hierarchy
    a social structure that arises when the animals in a social group establish individual ranks that determine access to resources; ranks are usually established through aggressive interactions
  6. ethology
    the study of animal behavior
  7. habituation
    a type of simple learning characterized by a decline in response to a repeated stimulus
  8. imprinting
    a type of learning in which an animal acquires a particular type of information during a specific sensitive phase of development
  9. innate
    inborn, indistinctive; it is performed correctly the first time it is attempted
  10. insight learning
    a type of learning in which a problem is solved by understanding the relationships between the components of the problem rather than through trial and error
  11. kin selection
    a type of natural selection that favors traits that enhance the survival or reproduction of an individual's relatives, even if the traits reduce the individual fitness of the individuals bearing them
  12. learning
    the process by which behavior is modified in response to experience
  13. operant conditioning
    a laboratory training procedure in which an animal learns to perform a response (such as pressing a lever) through reward or punishment
  14. pheromone
    a chemical produced by an organism that alters the behavior or physiological state of another member of the same species
  15. territoriality
    the defense of an area in which important resources are located
  16. trial-and-error learning
    a type of learning in which behavior is modified in response to the positive or negative consequences of an action
  17. waggle dance
    a symbolic form of communication used by honeybee forages to communicate the location of a food source to their hive mates
Card Set
Bio Ch 25
Bio Ch 25