Behavior and Emotional Disorders Chapter 11

  1. learning disabilities
    a general term that refers to significant problems in mastering one or more of the following skill: listening, speaking, reading, writing, reasoning, and mathematics
  2. communication disabilities
    a diagnostic term that refers to difficulty producing speech sounds (phonological disorder) or with speech fluency (stuttering); difficulty using spoken language to communicate (expressive language disorder); or difficulty understanding what other people say (mixed expressive-receptive language disorder)
  3. learning disorders
    a diagnostic term that refers to specific problems in reading, math, or writing disability as determined by achievement test results that are substantially below what would be expected for the child's age, schooling, and intellectual ability
  4. dyslexia
    disorder of reading not due to low intelligence
  5. unexpected discrepancy
    a basic premise of definitions of learning disorders that denotes a disparity or discrepancy between an individual's measured ability and actual performance
  6. phonemes
    the basic sounds that make up language
  7. phonology
    the ability to learn and store phonemes as will as the rules for combining the sounds into meaningful units or words. Deficit in phonology are a chief reason that most children and adults with communication and learning disorders have problems in language-based activities such as learning to read and spell
  8. expressive language disorder
    a form of communication disorder characterized by deficits in expression despite normal comprehension of speech
  9. mixed receptive-expressive disorder
    a form of communication disorder characterized by deficits in expressive language coupled with a difficulty in understanding some aspects of speech (i.e., deficits in receptive language)
  10. phonological disorder
    a form of communication disorder characterized by difficulties in artculation or sound production, but not necessarily in word expression
  11. inclusion
    the education strategies that are based on the premise that the abilities of children with special needs will improve from associating with normally developing peers and being spared the effects of labeling and special placements
  12. nonverbal learning disabilities (NLD)
    Learning disabilities characterized by deficits related to right hemisphere brain functioning, such as problems in social skill, spacial orientation and problem solving
  13. direct instruction
    an approach to teaching children with learning disorders based on the premise that to improve a skill the instructional activities have to approximate those of the skill being taught
  14. phonological awareness
    a broad construct that includes recognition of the relationship that exists between sound and letters, detection of rhyme and alliteration, and awareness that sounds can be manipulated within syllables in words
Card Set
Behavior and Emotional Disorders Chapter 11
Abnormal Child Psychology 5th edition