Brain and behavior

  1. part of the brain that includes the cerebellum, the medulla, and the pons
  2. has charge of largely unconcious, but vital functions, including blood flow, breathing, muscle and reflexes
  3. a bridge of fibers that connects the brainstem with the cerebellum *involved with sleep and arousal
  4. what is involved with sleep and arousal?
  5. critical to the coordination of movement and to the sense of equilibrium
  6. responsible for synthesis of dopamine
  7. contributes to the modulation of muscle reflexes, breathing and pain perception
    reticular formation
  8. largest and most complex region of the brain, encompasing a variety of structures including the thalamus, hypothalamus, limbic system and cerebrum
  9. a structure in the forebrain through which all sensory info (except smell) must pass to get to the cerebral cortex
  10. involved in the regulation of basic biological needs
  11. enables us to experience emotion
    limbic system
  12. play a role in the factual memory process
  13. plays a central role in the learning of fear responses and aggression
  14. a bundle of axons, passes through the hypothalamus
    *rich in dopamine releasing neurons
    medial forebrain bundle
  15. includes brain areas that are responsible for mental activities
  16. convoluted layer of the cerebrum
    cerebral cortex
  17. right and left halves of the cerebrum
    cerebral hemispheres
  18. the structure that connects the two cerebral hemispheres
    *sends info back and forth to the brain
    corpus callosum
  19. includes the cortical area where most visual signals are sent and visual processing is begun
    occipital lobe
  20. includes the area that registers the sense of touch
    parietal lobe
  21. contains area devoted to auditory processing
    temporal lobe
  22. largest lobe in the human brain
    contains the principle areas that control the movement of muscles
    frontal lobe
  23. the portion of the frontal lobe to the front of the motor cortex
    prefrontal cortex
  24. where is broca's area ?
    left side of the frontal lobe
  25. what does broca's area control?
    the production of speech
  26. where is wenicke's area?
    in the temporal lobe of the left hemisphere
  27. what does wernicke's area control?
    comprehension of language
  28. Who are sperry and gazzaniga and why are they important to our study of the brain?
    they studied split brain patients
  29. what 2 senses communicate differently with the brain?
    vision and hearing
  30. the center for understanding language?
    left frontal lobe
  31. this part of hte brain sends sensory messages to other parts of the brain
  32. this part of the hindbrain controls walking, balance and coordination
  33. if this part of the brain was damaged, your life would be in danger because it controls blood flow and breathing
  34. you would use this part of your brain when deciding where you want to go to college or what kind of car to buy
    cerebral cortex
  35. if you are craving doritos or thirsty for a coke this part of the brain is influencing you
  36. this is the center for expressing/producing language
    broca's area
  37. what structure connects the right and left hemisphere?
    corpus callosum
  38. when you listem to music is it processed here?
    temporal lobe
  39. when you watch a movie, this area allows you to process the information
    primary visual cortex
  40. if you are bitten by a dog you will most likely fear dogs in the future because of this structure
  41. your tongue and lips are very sensitive, we would know this by looking at surface area of this
    somatosensory cortex
Card Set
Brain and behavior
parts of the brain