Is synthesized by ____ glands and released into _____.
Regulates phosphorous and _____ in the body.
Functions in _____ excitation and blood clotting,
Serum alpha-fetoprotein AFP
substanced _____ produced in feal liver and can appear as adult _____ cancer.
Helps diagnose Down's syndrome, _____, anencephaly, chromosomalsyndromes and congenital defects in pregnant women's blood.
- Spina bifida
Triple screen test measures:
1maternal serum _____
2beta hCG human chorionic gonadotropin (hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary gland and placenta)
Urine and placenta is ASIs for thispregnancy test.
Produced early in pregnancy first by ____ then placenta.
Prepares endometrium for _____
Is indicated in females with ______ carcinoma or molar pregnancies.
3 in conjugated estriol a form of ____ that increased during pregnancy,
Produced by placenta in ____ amounts.
Can be detected in blood as early as ____ week of gestational age and increass until ____.
Fasting blood sugar
For this test the patient NPO except water ____ before eating
High levels indicate gestational ____.
Oal glucose intolerance test
Two step test used to screen ____ for gestational _____.
Step 1 blood test after 1 hour after drinking ____ of sweet liquid. If high result, second test done.
If second test high, indicative of _____diabetes.
- Pregnant patients;
- 1.8 ounces;
Hepatitis c virus HCV
causes a form of ____ (liver inflammation)
Virus was discovered in _____
syndrome initially referred as _______
Coinfection with ____ is common
Serologic test are available to check ___.
Infection spread by ____ and less commonly sexual contact.often was often caused by use of medical products dried from _____.
Hep a b and c are quite different.
No vaccine for _____ as in hepatitis a and b.
- Non a non b hepatitis
- Blood xchange
- Blood and by blood transfusion
- Hepatitis c
Pregnancy-associated plasma protein A PAPP-A
a glycoproteins of _____ origin that is used as a fist trimester screening test for chromosomal aneuploidies.
An indicator of early pregnancy failure anpregnancies _____.Thre protein is normally present in _____ early inpregnancy and ithoroughly to be crucial for ____ fetal growth.
____ have beelinked with anincreased risk for aneuploidies and with restricted feal growth,
PAPP-A also was reported to be ____ in established ectopicpregnancies.
- High levels
- Low levels
Subsance produced by the _____, the endometrium, and the lining of the _____.
Used as a ____ -an indicator of some types of cancer especially _____.
Amount ____ in a women's blood and body fluids often when can of the ovaries is present.
Elevated during first trimester of _____ and in women with pelvic inflammatory disease.
Des notRosie _____ the normal range in all women who have ovarian cancer.
Ofen does not rise until the cancer is in an _____ stage.
- Fallopian tubes
- Tumor marker
- Ovarian cancer
Carbohydrate antigen 15-3 (CA-15-3)
Is a tumor marker associated with _____ cancer.
Is _____ often used during treatment and remission.
May be elevated in cancers of pancreas, lung, ovary, and liver.
Non-malignant elevations may be seen hepatitis and _____
Sexually transmitted disease 5 categories
- Herpes simplex HSV
- hepatitis A B C D E
Candidiasis notstrictly STD but can be transmitted sexually
Consists of ______ swab to collect sampling of cells.
Abnormal results as ______ is possibly a precancerous condition.
Many abnormality not due to cervical _______.
If abnormality requires scrutiny then a patient may be referred for _____.