ID Terms Last 10

  1. Chanson de Roland
    •                                                                                                                        i.      The earliest and finest example of a chanson de geste, or heroic epic, which was a type of vernacular literature
    •                                                             ii.      Written in a dialect of French
    •                                                           iii.      Author: probably a Norman poet named Turold
    •                                                           iv.      Chief events are battles, especially the Battle of Roncesvalles
    • 1.      Insignificant skirmish between Charlemagne’s army and Basque forces
    • a.       Opens as Charlemagne receives overtures from the Saracen king and sends a knight to negociate peace terms
    • written three hundred years after the reign of Charlemagne and speaks more about the eleventh century than anything
  2. Suetonius
    •                                                               i.      The ancient biographer of Caesar; Roman historian; from the equestrian family of the early Imperiloistic Era
    •                                                             ii.      Wrote scandalous stories about gossip
    • 1.      Wrote Lives of the Twelve Caesars, which is a chronicle rather than a history
    • a.       Covers the lives of Julius Caesar and the first eleven emperors from Augustus to Domitian
    • 2.      Praises Caesar, but has contempt for Tiberius and Caligula
  3. Theodoric
    •                                                               i.      Employed by Zeno, the Roman emperor in Constantinople, to defeat Odoacer and bring Italy back into empire
    • 1.      Theodoric accepted, marched into Italy, killed Odoacer, and then established himself as ruler of Italy in 493 (p. 188)
    •                                                             ii.      Became king of the Ostrogothic kingdom
    •                                                           iii.      Received a Roman education while hostage in Constantinople
    • 1.      Eager to create synthesis of Ostrogothic and Roman practices
    • 2.      Established separate systems of rule for the Ostrogoths and Romans while maintaining the entire structure of Roman imperial government
    • a.       Italians lived under Roman law administered by Roman officials
    • b.      Ostrogoths controlled the army and were governed by their own customs and officials
    •                                                           iv.      Reign grew harsh due to discontent with Ostrogothic rule
    •                                                             v.      Arian Christianity
  4. Tertullian
    •                                                               i.      A Christian writer from Carthage who declared that Christina martyrs were “witnesses to the Grace of God”
    • 1.      By imitating Jesus, the Christian martyrs established a martyr to be followed by other Christians
    •                                                             ii.      Tried to explain Christianity to pagan masses, saying that After Jesus Christ and the Bible, they have no need of speculation or research
    •                                                           iii.      Says, “What has Jerusalem to do with Athens?” and that the blood of the martyrs was the seed of the church
  5. Meditations
    •                                                               i.      Written by Marcus Aurelius reflecting on the ideal of Stoic duty as a religious concept
    • 1.      It was a series of personal writings setting forth his ideas on Stoic philosophy
    • 2.      Records the innermost thoughts of his heart
    • It is 12 books for his own guidance and self-importance
  6. Suger
    •                                                               i.      The famous abbot of Saint-Denis monastery from 1122 to 1151; counselor and biographer to both King Louis VI and King Louis VII
    •                                                             ii.      Sought wooden beams for the construction of a new church
    •                                                           iii.      The first fully Gothic church was the abbey church of Saint-Denis near Paris, inspired by him
  7. Adelard
    •                                                               i.      Known as Adelard of Bath (in England)
    •                                                             ii.      One source of the scientific works that became available to the west
    • 1.      Traveled throughout the Mediterranean region
    • 2.      Translated an Arabic version of Euclid’s Elements into latin, as well as the mathematical works of Al-Khwarizmi
    • 3.      Introduced to Europeans the astrolabe
    • He states that we have a mind adn if we use reason, we can come to answers about nature
  8. Sylvester II
    •                                                               i.      Originally Gerbert of Aurillac who was the most important contributor of the spread of learning in the High Middle Ages
    •                                                             ii.      Polymath:
    • 1.      In 1000, known as most learned man in Europe
    • 2.      First person to take a real interest in Aristotlian science and promoted the study of Arabic and Greco-Roman arithmetic and astronomy
    •                                                           iii.      Named pope in year 1000à Sylvester II
    • 1.      First Frenchman to become pope
  9. Harun-al-Rashid
    •                                                               i.      One of the best known caliphs of the time of the Abbasid dynasty
    •                                                             ii.      His reign is often described as the golden age of the Abbasid caliphate
    •                                                           iii.      Corresponded with Charlemagne
    • 1.      Exchanged gifts (clock, etc) with him and even gave him an elephant (Abul Abba)
    •                                                           iv.      Scholar and poet
    • 1.      Well-versed in history, tradition, and poetry
    • 2.      Greatly encouraged learning
    •                                                             v.      After his death, his two sons fought for power to the throne, destroying the city of Baghdad
    •                                                           vi.      Appointed very able ministers and built a palace in Baghdad
  10. Countess of Dia
    • most famous of female troubadours who wrote courtly songs of love during hte 12th century
    • Married to Guillem de Poitiers, Count of Vennois, but was in love with and sang about Raimbaie of Orange
    • a short vida (biography) occurs in four manuscripts
    • she is traditionally referred to as beatriz of dia, but contessa de dia is more accurate as it is the only denomination used in the manuscripts that contain her poems
    • Her works are set off to music of the flute 
    • Five of her works survive
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ID Terms Last 10