Science part 2

  1. the phenomena caused by interactions between solar radiation and the ionosphere
    • auroras
  2. the lower region of the thermosphere
  3. the waves that make up all forms of radiation
    electromagnetic waves
  4. the distance from any point on a wave to the identical point on the next wave
  5. all of the frequencies of wavelengths of electromagnetic radiation
    electromagnetic spectrum
  6. all forms of energy that travel through space as waves, including the energy that Earth receives from the Sun
  7. subtropical jet streams
    narrow bands of winds formed when warm equatorial air meets the cooler air of the middle latitudes
  8. narrow bands of strong winds that blow in the upper troposphere
    jet stream
  9. bands of winds formed as a result of density differences between cold polar air and warmer air of the middle latitudes
    polar jet streams
  10. subtropical high pressure zones with weak and variable winds
    horse latitudes
  11. a zone of low pressure at the equator where the trade wind systems meet
  12. the force per unit area that is exerted on a surface by the weight of the atmosphere
    atmospheric pressure
  13. an instrument that measures atmospheric pressure by registering the changes in the bending in or bulging out to the sides of a sealed metal container
  14. the movement of the matter due to differences in density caused by temperature variations
  15. the curving path of a moving object from an other wise straight path due to Earth's rotation
    Coriolis effect
  16. the warming of the surface and lower atmosphere of Earth that occurs when carbon dioxide and water vapor in the air absorband reradiate infrared radiation
    greenhouse effect
  17. the transfer of energy as heat through a material
  18. the fraction of solar radiation that is reflected off the surface of an object
  19. prevailing winds that blow from east to west from 30 degrees latitude to the equator in both hemispheres
    trade winds
  20. the phenomena that makes the sky appear blue and the sun red at sunrise and sunset
  21. the three looping patterns of air flow that exist in each hemisphere
    convection cells
  22. a harmful effect of temperature inversions
  23. the two most abundant compounds in the atmosphere are carbon dioxide and
    water vapor
  24. A delay between Earth's absorption of soolar energy and an increase in temperature makes the warmest part of the day the
    late afternoon
  25. Average temperatures are lower near the poles because sunlight strikes the ground at an angle ____ than 90 degrees
  26. winds that extend over distances less than 100km are called
Card Set
Science part 2