Civics Exam

  1. Authoritarianism Advantages
    • Speed of decision making
    • Efficient
  2. Democracy Advantages
    • Listens to opposition viewpoints and critisism
    • Majority Rules; consideration is given to minority opinion
  3. Authoritatianism Disadvantages
    • Decision makers may be wrong
    • Opponents arguments are not considered
  4. Democracy Disadvantages
    • Slow process
    • Sometimes minority is not given enough consideration
  5. Consenseus Advantage
    • Everyone agrees with final decision
    • many different point of views are taken in consideration
  6. Consensus Disadvantage
    • Very slow process
    • some issues are impossible to reach consensus
  7. Negotiation
    Both parties discuss the issue and try to resolve the issue
  8. Mediation
    A third party helps both parties arrive at a solution
  9. Arbitration
    A third party is igven the power to decide the outcome
  10. Federal Government Responsibilties
    • Foreign Trade
    • Currency
    • Defence
    • Postal Services
    • Criminal Law
    • Immigration
  11. Provincial Government
    • Marriage liscence
    • Health and wellfare
    • education
    • hospitals
  12. Federal Government Responsibilties: How they pay?
    • Income tax
    • GST
    • excise tax
  13. Provincial Government Responsibilties: How they pay?
    • Income tax
    • sale tax
    • sin tax (tobacco)
    • PST
  14. Who is Governor General?
    David Johnston
  15. Who is Lieutenant Governor?
    David Onley
  16. Who is Prime Minister?
    Stephen Harper
  17. Who is the Premier
    Dalton McGuinty
  18. Governor General
    • Represents British Monarch
    • Prime Minister selects candidate for Governor General
    • signs all bills (royal assent)
    • reads speech from Throne
  19. Lieutenant Governor 
    • appointed by Prime Minister
    • signs bills to law
    • read speech from Throne
    • promoting province
  20. Prime Minister
    • leader of the party with most elected representitives
    • elected to the H of C
    • appointed by Governor General
    • answers questions in H of C
  21. Premier
    • leads the executive branch of provincial government
    • non- partisen council selects premier
  22. (def) Member of Parliament
    • elected representives of the people
    • sit in H of C
  23. Role of of Member of Parliament
    • In Chamber
    • - debate and vote on bills
    • - represent their constituents' views
    • - 15 hours a week

    • In committee
    • -look at bills in greater depth
    • sit on at least two committees
    • 6-40 hours a week

    • Caucus
    • -weekly meeting of all party members
    • Establish party policy and set strategies to pass or block bills in H of C

    • In Office
    • -help constituents with questions
    • answers calls and emails
    • recieve visiting constituents
    • prepare speeches for H of C and committees 
    • Return to riding as much as possible
  24. Territoral Legislative Assembly
    • Each has a commisioner
    • assembly acts as a provincial one would
    • often follow aboriginal traditions like consesus decision making
  25. Local Governemy Council
    • In city- mayor elected
    • In rural - reeve elected
    • They have elected councillors to help them run government
  26. Councillor
    represnts a particula geographic area called wards
  27. Reeve
    head of a rural municipal governement
  28. How a bill becomes a Law
    • Cabinet- Thinks up bill
    • House of Commons - First reading ( no debate or vote) > Second Reading ( debate and vote on bill ) > The committee Stage ( reviews the bill and suggests changes ) > Third Reading ( debate and vote on committee changes) 
    • Senate- Same as H of C > Governor General ( Royal Assent) signs bill into law
  29. How to vote?
    • on election day at a polling station
    • at an advanced poll before election day
    • employers must give employees time to vote without losing pay
  30. Leader of Conservative Party
    Stephen Harper
  31. Leader of Liberal Party
    Bob Rae
  32. Leader of NDP Party
    Thomas Muclair
  33. Bloc Quebecois Leader
    Daniel Paille
  34. Green Party Leader
    Elizabeth May
  35. Majority Government adv and dis
    • 155 seats or more
    • adv. Things can get done more quickly 
    • dis. can pass any legislation even without poular vote
  36. Minority Government adv. dis.
    • 154 or less seats
    • adv. all parties have power in H of C
    • dis.important legislation can be delayed in H of C due to party politics - nothing gets done
  37. Youth Court: Criminal Investigation ( Step One)
    12 -17 age

    • Charge is carefully explained in a language understood
    • can contact a guardian or parent in questioning
    • Does not have to make a statement that might be used against him in court
    • fingerprinted and photographed
    • released in custody of parents
  38. Youth Court/ Adult Court: The Courts (Part Two)
    • can be tried before a judge alone, or before a judge and jury
    • on lawyer advice, chooses jury
    • 12 jury must be approved by lawyer and Crown
    • (same as Adult)
  39. Youth Court/ Adult Court: The Trial ( part three)
    • Hearsay evidence not allowed ( what witnesses have heard other people say)
    • not to comment on offenders past problems 
    • judge can rule evidence inadmissable
    • cannot be forced to give evidence
  40. Youth Court: Verdict and Sentecing (part 4)
  41. Rights def
    • something to which a person is morally or legally entitled 
    • government provides opportunities to exercise rights
  42. Responsibilities def
    things for which on is accountable for
  43. S/A Trial Fairness: Jury selection
    • lawyers from each side must agree on jurors selected
    • jurors can't know anyone involved in trial
  44. S\A Trial Fairness: Evidence Rules
    • Hearsay not allowed
    • Past actions/ charcter not allowed
  45. S/A Trial Fairness: Illegally Obtained Evidence
    Through search and seizure will be inadmissible
  46. S/A Trial Fairness: Appeal
    ability to do so exists if trial was unfair
  47. Sentencing Goals
    • Punishment: of the offender to a degree that the public understands the offence is serious
    • Detterence: or discouraging the offender from repeating the offence
    • Protection: of the public from dangerous people
    • Rehabilitation: of the offender so that he or she can rejoin society as a law abiding, productive citizen
  48. Aboriginal Justice
    • manage by aboriginal people within canadas criminal justice system
    • respects and employs aboriginal traditions 
    • eg. healing circle, sentencing circle
  49. Civil Law
    • deals with claims resulting from accidents, contracts, property ownership, family matters
    • if decide to sue known as plaintiff
    • party you are sueing is defendant
    • plantiff file a plea and remedy
    • defendant must reply with a statement
  50. Charter Freedom : Religion
    • freedom to practise the faith of your choice
    • ex. stopping christian prayer in public school
    • eliminate retail store closed on Sunday
    • Can limit religious freedom
    • example Jehovah's witnesses refused permission for life saving medical treatment
  51. Charter Freedom: Thought and Expression
    • Free to think whater you like with reasonable limits
    • ex cigarette companies cannot advertise in canada
    • speaking
  52. Charter Freedom: School Powers
    • sensor a school newspaper or publication (sensorship)
    • creating a dresscode
  53. Democratic Rights
    the right to vote and hold public office
  54. Legal Rights
    • treated fairly when dealing with justice system
    • legal wwith search warrant, arrest, reasonable cause
  55. Equality Rights
    • Sexual orientation
    • every individual is equal without discrimination
Card Set
Civics Exam
grade 10