Ch.16 Vocabulary

  1. Social capital
    Cooperative relationships that facilitate the resolution of collective problems.
  2. Civic virtue
    The tendency to form small-scale associations for the public good.
  3. Interest group
    A collection of people or organizations that tries to influence public policy.
  4. Pluralist theory
    The theory that political power is distributed among a wide array of diverse and competing interest groups.
  5. Disturbance theory
    The theory that interest groups form as a result of changes in the political system.
  6. Transactions theory
    The theory that public policies are the result of narrowly defined exchanges among political actors.
  7. Collective good
    Collective good- Something of value that cannot be withheld from a nonmember of a group, for example, a tax write-off or a better environment
  8. Population ecology theory
    The theory that theformation of political organizations is conditional on the resources allocatedto a given issue area
  9. Public interest group
    An organization that seeks a collective good that will not selectively and materially benefit group members.
  10. Economic interest group
     A group with the primary purpose of promoting the financial interests of its members.
  11.  Earmark
    Funds that an appropriations bill designates for specific projects within a state or congressional district.
  12. Political action committee (PAC)
    Officially registered fund-raising organization that represents interest groups in the political process.
  13. Lobbyist
    Interest group representative who seeks to influence legislation that will benefit his or her organization or client through political and/or financial persuasion.
  14. Trade association
    A group that represents a specific industry.
  15. Lobbying
    The activities of a group or organization that seek to persuade political leaders to support the group’s position
  16. Patron
    A person who finances a group or individual activity.
  17. Free rider problem
    Potential members fail to join a group because they can get the benefit, or collective good, sought by the group without contributing the effort
  18. Honest Leadership and Open Government Act of 2007
    Lobbying reform banning gifts to members of Congress and their staffs, toughening disclosure requirements, and increasing time limits on moving from the federal government to the private sector.
Card Set
Ch.16 Vocabulary