Gov't Test 2 Study Guide

  1. 1. Popular Soverignty
    • the government created by the people and they have power over it (give it authority and legitimacy)
    • in preamble
  2. 2. Federalism
    • The split of powers- authority shared between a central gov't and state
    • In Article 1, section 8,9,10; Ammendment X
  3. 3. Separation of Powers
    • There are 3 different branches of government- constitutional authority is shared by these (different powers on different things)
    • in Article 1 (Legis.), 2 (Exec.), & 3 (Jud.)
  4. 4. Checks and Balances
    • The branches have certain powers to make sure the other branches are doing things correctly (1 can block some acts of the other 2 branches)
    • in Article 1,2,3
  5. Limited Government
    • The gov't can only do what specifically is written in the constitution
    • in Ammendment X, IX
  6. Judicial Review
    • The courts can declare acts unconstitutional which makes them void.
    • in NOWHERE- created in Marbury vs. Madison
  7. Executive Checks on Legislative
    • veto bills
    • can call special sessions of congress
    • can suggest bills & laws
  8. Legislative Checks on Executive
    • override presidential vetos
    • impeachment power
    • approve (or not) declarations of war
    • approve (or not) treaties
  9. Judicial Checks on Executive
    • declare executive orders unconstitutional
    • Chief Justice presides at impeachment hearings
  10. Executive Checks on Judicial
    • nominate judges
    • grant pardons
  11. Legislative Checks on Judicial
    • change the number of courts and the jurisdiction
    • impeachment powers
  12. Judicial Checks on Legislative
    Declare laws unconstitutional
  13. Powers in Constitution: Expressed Powers
    • Powers stated in the constitution
    • Ex.- coin money, declare war
  14. Powers in Constitution: Implied Powers
    • Not specifically listed in the Constitution
    • Ex.- create national bank, create IRS to collect taxes, building highways
  15. Powers in Constitution: Inherent Powers
    • Powers historically recognized as naturally belonging to all govts that conduct the business of a soverign nation
    • Ex.- conduct foreign affairs, acquire new land
  16. Powers in Constitution: Reserved Powers
    • Powers reserved for the states, not in the constitution
    • Ex.- Set speed limits, set marriage laws
  17. Powers in Constitution: Concurrent Powers
    • a power held by the national govt & the state govts at the same time
    • Ex.- tax, extablish courts, enforce laws
  18. Articles of the Constitution info: Article I
    Legislative Branch
  19. Articles of the Constitution info: Article II
    Executive Branch
  20. Articles of the Constitution info: Article III
    Judicial Branch
  21. Articles of the Constitution info: Article IV
    Full Faith and Credit Clause, priveleges and immunities, new states, Republican govt
  22. Articles of the Constitution info: Article V
    Ammending the constitution
  23. Articles of the Constitution info: Article VI
    Supremacy of national govt
  24. Articles of the Constitution info: Article VII
  25. Articles of the Constitution info: sentence to help memorize them
    Living Evanly Just Falls As Stupid Reasoning
Card Set
Gov't Test 2 Study Guide
Constitutuion, gov't branches, Marbury vs. madison, etc.