Chapter Ten

  1. Feeling, or affect, that occurs when people are engaged in an interaction that is important to them, especially one that influences their well-being.
  2. Emotions that are present in humans and other animals, and emerge early in life; examples are joy, anger, sadness, fear, and disgust.
    Primary emotions
  3. Emotions that require self-awareness, especially consciousness and a sense of "me"; examples include jealousy, empathy, and embarrassment.
    Self-conscious emotions
  4. A rhythmic pattern usually consisting of a cry, a briefer silence, a shorter inspiratory whistle that is higher pitched than the main cry, and then a brief rest before the next cry.
    Basic cry
  5. A cry similar to the basic cry but with more excess air forced through the vocal cords.
    Anger cry
  6. A sudden appearance of loud crying without preliminary moaning, and a long initial cry followed by an extended period of breath holding.
    Pain cry
  7. A smile that does not occur in response to external stimuli. It happens during the month after birth, usually during sleep.
    Reflexive smile
  8. A smile in response to an external stimulus, which, early in development, typically is a face.
    Social smile
  9. An infant's fear of an wariness toward strangers; it tends to appear in the second half of the first year of life.
    Stranger anxiety
  10. Occurs when infants experience a fear of being separated from a caregiver, which results in crying when the caregiver leaves.
    Separation protest
  11. Involves individual differences in behavioral styles, emotions, and characterstic ways of responding
  12. A temperament style in which the child is generally in a positive mood, quickly esablishes regular routines, adn adapts easily to new experiences.
    Easy child
  13. A temperament style in which the child tends to react negatively and cry frequently, engages in irregular daily routines, and is slow to accept new experiences.
    Difficult child
  14. A temperment stuyle in which the child has a low activity level, is somewhat negative, and displacs a low intensity of mood.
    Slow-to-warm-up child
  15. The match between a child's temperament and the environmental demands the child must cope with.
    Goodness of fit
  16. "Reading" emotional cues in others to help determine how to act in a particular situation
    Social referencing
  17. A close emotional bond between two people
  18. Ainsworth's observational measure of infant attachment to a caregiver, which requires the infant to move through a series of introductions, separations, and reunions with the caregiver and an adult stranger in a prescribed order.
    Strange Situation
  19. Babies who use the caregiver as a secure base from which to explore their environment
    Securely attached babies
  20. Babies who show insecurity by avoiding the mother.
    Insecure avoidant babies
  21. Babies who might cling to the caregiver, then resist her by fighting against the closeness, perhaps by kicking or pushing away
    Insecure resistant babies
  22. Babies who show insecurity by being disorganized and disoriented.
    Insecure disorganized babies
Card Set
Chapter Ten
Emotional Development