Module 3

  1. _____ means that people, relationships, and things matter.
  2. Caring is a multidimensional concept. What are the five viewpoints of caring?
    • Caring as a moral imperative
    • Caring as an affect
    • Caring as a human trait
    • Caring as a therapeutic intervention
  3. The six C's were a theory visualized by who?
    M. Simone Roach
  4. What are the six C's of caring?
    • Compassion: awareness of one's relationship to others, sharing their joys, sorrows, pain, and accomplishments
    • Competence: Haing the knowledge, judgment, skills, energy, experience, and motivation to respond adequately to others within the demands of prefessional responsibilities.
    • Confidence: The quality that fosters trusing relationships.
    • Conscience: Morals, ethics, and an informed sense of right and wrong.
    • Commitment: Convergence between one's desires and obligations and the deliberate choice to act in accordance with them.
    • Comportment: Appropriate bearing, demeanor, dress, and language, that are in harmony with caring presence.
  5. What is Empirical knowing?
    • Scientific competence
    • Ranges from factual, observable phenomena to theoretical analyses.
  6. What is Aesthetic knowing?
    • Creative action
    • Is the art of nursing and is expressed by the individual nurse through his or her creativity and style in meeting the needs of clients.
  7. What is Personal knowing?
    • Therapeutic use of self
    • Promotes wholeness and integrity in the personal encounter, achieves engagement rather than detachment, and denies the manipulative or impersonal approach.
  8. What is Ethical knowing?
    • Moral/Ethical awareness
    • forcuses on matters of obligation or what ought to be done, and goes beyod simply follwing the ethical code of the discipline.
  9. How did Leininger note Caring?
    • Noted that caring, as nurturing behavior, has been present throughtout history and is one of the most critical factors in helping people maintain or regain health. 
    • In order to provide care that is congruent with cultural values, beliefs, and practices, the nurse must understand these differences and similarities. 
    • Her theory of culture care diversity and univerality is based on the assumption that nurses must understand different cultures in order to function effectively.
Card Set
Module 3
Caring (Chapter 25)