Baroque and Romantic Art (part 2)

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  1. Image Upload 1
    • Triumph of the Name of Jesus
    • Artist: Giovanni Battista Gaulli
    • Era: Italian Baroque
    • Techniques:
    • in church, Il Gesu - mother church of the Jesuit order
    • in center to offer viewers into glimpse of heaven
    • barely visible monogram of I H S - light is so blinding that sinners are thrown down back to earth
    • glazed gilded architecture to enhance shadows and illusionism
    • stucco extensions - painted sinners on stucco to heighten illusion that they are falling back to earth
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    • Glorification of St. Ignatius
    • Artist: Fra Andrea Pozzo
    • Era: Italian Baroque
    • Techniques:
    • heaven is opening up over congregation
    • continuation of actual church’s real architecture to look like pillars extend past the ceiling
    • as if heaven and earth are co-mingling
    • carried to Christ by 4 personifications of corners of the world
    • disk in nave floor marks point where you should stand to get full perspective illusion
    • in presence of heavenly and spiritual existence
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    • Martyrdom of St. Bartholomew
    • Artist: Jose de Ribera
    • Era: Spanish Baroque
    • Techniques:
    • shock value added to brutal, harsh themes
    • about to be skinned alive
    • Spanish taste for courage and devotion
    • dark in content and form
    • executioners hoisting St. Bartholomew into position
    • St. Bartholomew painted with rough skin and heavy body - worn plebian features - creates a connection between him and his tormentors
    • Ribera scorns idealization
    • courage and devotion to piety - understand seriousness and concept of looking at this piece
    • crowd around that came to watch event
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    • St. Francis in Meditation
    • Artist: Zurbaran
    • Era: Spanish Baroque
    • Techniques:
    • light is outside the picture frame
    • sculptural figure with rigid attitude - more directly in contact with god
    • eliminates setting
    • holding a skull - remindes him of his own immortality - mememnto mori (reminder of death)
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    • St. Serapion
    • Artist: Zurbaran
    • Era: Spanish Baroque
    • Techniques:
    • softened and more mystical/spiritual
    • oil on canvas
    • devotional image for funerary chapel
    • St. Serapion participated during Crussades
    • martyred while preaching to Muslims
    • hands tied to a tree, tortured, and decapitated
    • power in realism
    • realism of texture and face
    • sculptural quality as figure emerges from dark background and fills entire foreground
    • light brings attention to him to add drama
    • painted to look like deeply undercut folds of sculpture
    • order of mercy dedicated to self sacrifice
    • 2 tree branches and note pinned to tree- identifies him for viewer
    • labeled as a commoner to evoke more sympathy from viewer
    • quiet, contemplative
    • devotion for funerary chapel like a cross to pray in front of
    • realistic!!!
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    • Water Carrier of Serville
    • Artist: Velasquez
    • Era: Spanish Baroque
    • Techniques:
    • renders figures with clarity and dignity
    • contrasts light and dark
    • plebian figures
    • genre painting - everyday life
    • paints water jugs in foreground with extreme detail
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    • Surrender of Breda
    • Artist: Velasquez
    • Era: Spanish Baroque
    • Techniques:
    • in a palace hallway for King Philip IV
    • depicts the Spanish victory over the Dutch in 1625
    • sent General Spinola to reclaim Breda for Spain
    • Spanish troops are organized and well armed in contrast to the Dutch
    • mayor of Breda is in the center foreground giving keys to Spinola
    • mayor almost kneels before Spinola but Spinola stops him
    • Spinola also got off his horse
    • these two factors show Spinola's benevolence
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    • Fraga Philip
    • Artist: Velasquez
    • Era: Spanish Baroque
    • Techniques:
    • painted while on a campaign in the town of Fraga
    • focus on exquiste clothing instead of his small frame and Hapsburh chin
    • needlework on clothing shimmers
    • depicted with his batton of command and sword but not in military attire
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    • Los Borrachos
    • Artist: Velasquez
    • Era: Spanish Baroque
    • Techniques:
    • depicts the god of wine (half nude figure) and his followers
    • plebian figures
    • repeated faces
    • light comes from outside of picture frame
    • grey values - light and shadow are gradations of grey
    • realistic and secular
    • some believe Velasquez is sitting in the bottom left corner with his back to the viewer
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    • Las Meninas
    • Artist: Velasquez
    • Era: Spanish Baroque
    • Techniques:
    • "The Maids of Honor"
    • paints himself by the canvas in his studio in the palace
    • princess is surrounded by all of her favorite things
    • woman and man in middle ground represent the church
    • visual and narrative complexity
    • believed to be the king and the queen reflected in the mirror on the back wall
    • application piece - Velasquez hoped to be promoted to the Order of Santiago, so he paints himself with the redcross on his chest
    • his own paintings are hanging on the walls
    • paintings on the top back wall are copies of Rubens
    • brushstrokes are evident when close but look sharp from farther back
    • three realities
    •    - canvas
    •    - mirror
    •    - optical scene
    • natural lighting
    • figures are grouped
    • thin light brushstrokes create light figures, not sculpturesque
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    • Elevation of the Cross
    • Artist: Rubens
    • Era: Baroque of Flanders
    • Techniques:
    • diagonal cross cuts back into space
    • muscular men with contorted bodies shows strain
    • twisting motion around a diagonal axis
    • dramatic lighting comes from outside the picture frame
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    • Rape of the Daughters of Leucippus
    • Artist: Rubens
    • Era: Baroque of Flanders
    • Techniques:
    • diamond composition heightens drama
    • central axis
    • cupid alludes to Greek mythology
    • contrast of skin tones between men and women
    • sheen of cloth and the bottom
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    • Lion Hunt
    • Artist: Rubens
    • Era: Baroque of Flanders
    • Techniques:
    • dynamic diagonal composition
    • Titian red
    • figures fallin in and out of picture frame
    • foreshortening anatomy
    • bodies are at angles to the picture plane
    • verocity of violence in nature - Romantic quality
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    • Arrival of Marie de' Medici
    • Artist: Rubens
    • Era: Baroque of Flanders
    • Techniques:
    • widow of Henry IV, king of France
    • welcomed by an allegroy of France wearing fleur de lises
    • winged figure with trumpet is an allegory of fame
    • below Neptune and his daughters are saluting Marie
    • man in black and silver is of the Knights of Malta and provides a contrast of colors to the red and gold of the rest of the piece
    • diagonal composition enhanced by the plank
    • exquisite rendering of fabrics
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    • Charles I Dismounted
    • Artist: Van Dyck
    • Era: Baroque of Flanders
Card Set
Baroque and Romantic Art (part 2)
Italian and Spanish Baroque
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