the nose, paranasal sinuses, pharynx, larynx all make up the?
the trachea, lungs, bronchioles, alveoli make up the?
the pleura that lines the the thoraxic pleura cavity is the?
the pleura that covers the lung surface and fissures between lungs is the ?
when the parietal and viseral pleura rub together (pleural fiction rub) is called?
airway resistance is determined by?
the size of the airway through which is flowing
what kind of conditions increase airway resistance?
anything that decreases the airway opening
what are the nurse's responsibilities for diagnostic test for respiratory functions?
- explain to pt. what is going to happen
- get pt ready for exam
- may need to hold meds
what are the types of pulmonary function test?
- tidal volume (TV)
- residual volume (RV)
- vital compacity (VC)
- Inspiratory compacity (IC)
- forced expiratory volume (FEV)
- peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR)
- total lung compacity (TLC)
what is the tidal volume test
volume of air with each inspiration
what is the residual volume test?
also called reserve volume
volume of air remaining in the lungs at the end of maximum expiration
what does the vital compacity test tell?
volume of air that can be expelled after maximum inspiration
what does the inspiratory capacity test tell?
maximum volume of air inhaled after normal expirations
what does the forced expiratory volume tell?
volume of expelled within first second of vital compacity