vital signs continue

  1. metabolism
    the process of chemical and physical change in the body that produces heat
  2. body temperature
    98.6 F ( 36.8 C)

    the body temperature is lowest in the morning and highest in the late afternoon
  3. antipyretic drugs
    medication to reduce fevers
  4. Temperatures considered febrile
    rectal, temporal, or aural (ear) temp. over 100.4 F (38 C)

    oral temp over 99.5 F ( 37.5 C)

    Axillary temp over 98.6 F ( 37 C)
  5. fever of unknown origin (FUO)
    is a fever over 100.9 F (38. C) for 3 weeks in adults and 1 week in children without a known diagnosis
  6. a clinical thermometer measures
    body temperature and is calibrated in either the Fahrenheit(F) or the Celsius (C) scale
  7. Hospitals and many ambulatory care settings of use the
    Celsius scale
  8. conversion formulas
    C= (F-32) x 5/9

    F= (C x 9/5 ) + 32
  9. axillary temperatures
    are pproximately 1 F or 0.6 C lower than accurate oral reading
  10. tympanic (ear)
    an accurate method it records the temperature of the blood that is closest to the hypothalamus
  11. temporal artery (TA)
    more accurate than tympanic measurements for identifying elevated temperatures in infants
  12. pediatricians
    may prefer either rectal or TA temperature on infants suspected of having a fever
Card Set
vital signs continue
vital signs continue