1. 1551. Twenty-Sixth Amendment
    1552. Chicanos
    1553. Cesar Chavez
    1554. Warren E. Burger Appointed, 1969

    1555. American Indian Movement (AIM), Wounded Knee
    Lowered voting age to 18.

    • Name given to Mexican-Americans, who in 1970, were the majority of
    • migrant farm labor in the U.S.

    • Non-violent leader of the United Farm Workers from 1963-1970. Organized
    • laborers in California and in the Southwest to strike against fruit and
    • vegetable growers. Unionized Mexican-American farm workers.

    A conservative appointed by Nixon, he filled Earl Warren's liberal spot.

    • Formed in 1968 by urban Indians who seized the village of Wounded Knee
    • in February, 1973 to bring attention to Indian rights. This 71-day
    • confrontation with federal marshalls ended in a government agreement to
    • reexamine treaty rights of the Ogalala Sioux.
  2. 1557. Arab oil embargo
    1558. Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)
    1559. Balance of Trade
    • October 6, 1973 - Egypt and Syria attacked Israel. Moscow backed Egypt
    • and both U.S. and U.S.S.R. put their armed forced on alert. In an
    • attempt to pressure America into a pro-Arab stance, OPEC imposed an
    • embargo on all oil to the U.S.
    • An international oil cartel dominated by an Arab majority, joined
    • together to protect themselves.

    • 1973 - U.S. tried to balance its trade to make American goods cost less
    • for foreigners, in order to encourage them to buy more American
    • products. Resulted in a devalued dollar.
  3. 1562. Gerald R. Ford
    1563. "Stagflation"
    1564. SALT II
    • Nixon's vice president after Agnew resigned, he became the only
    • president never to be elected. Taking office after Nixon resigned, he
    • pardoned Nixon for all federal crimes that he "committed or may have
    • committed."

    • During the 60's and 70's, the U.S. was suffering from 5.3% inflation and
    • 6% unemployment. Refers to the unusual economic situation in which an
    • economy is suffering both from inflation and from stagnation of its
    • industrial growth.

    • Second Strategic Arms Limitations Talks. A second treaty was signed on
    • June 18, 1977 to cut back the weaponry of the U.S. and the U.S.S.R.
    • because it was getting too competitive. Set limits on the numbers of
    • weapons produced. Not passed by the Senate as retaliation for
    • U.S.S.R.'s invasion of Afghanistan, and later superseded by the START
    • treaty.
  4. 1565. Election of 1976: candidate, issues
    1566. Jimmy Carter
    1567. Amnesty
    • Jimmy Carter, Democrate defeated Gerald Ford, Republican. The issues
    • were energy, transportation, and conservation. Carter had no Washington
    • ties. Ford appealed to the upper- middle class, but Carter won by 1.7
    • million votes.

    • Elected to the Senate in 1962 and 1964, in 1974 he became the 39th
    • President, with Vice President Walter Mondale. He secured energy
    • programs, set the framework for Egypt-Israel treaty, and sought to base
    • foreign policy on human rights.

    • A general pardon by which the government absolves offenders, President
    • Carter offered amnesty of Americans who had fled to other countries to
    • avoid the draft for the Vietnam War.
Card Set
Ford, Carter, Reagan, Supreme Court cases