Micro Vectors

  1. Francisella Tularensis
    ticks and deer flies, disease of mammals, fish, birds, and inverts
  2. Transmitted by milk, undulating fever, intense back pain, headache, weakness malaise, lasts months to years
  3. disease of childhood, often fatal, droplet transmission
    Bordetella Pertussis
  4. Respiratory Transmission, meningitis in children, severe sequelae
    H. Influenzae
  5. Chancroid on gentials
    H. Ducreyi
  6. Vanginal infection, part of normal flora, clue cells
    Gardnerella vanginalis
  7. Lipid content of cell wall up to 40%, Acid fast Staining 
  8. Cause of Tuberculosis, no capsule, aerobic, very resistant to drying and chemicals
    M. Tuberculosis 
  9. Glycolipids found ONLY in acid fast bacteria that are composed of mycolic acid and a large fatty acid, bound to a carbohydrate, attached to a peptidoglycan layer
  10. Mycoside formed by the union of two mycolic acids with a disaccharide (only in virulent strains)
    Cord Factor
  11. Mycosides the resemble cord factor with sulfates attached to the disaccharide
  12. complicated mycoside that acts as an adjuvant that activates delayed hypersensitivity rxn in the host
    Wax D
  13. mostly human disease, droplet transmission, bacteria inhaled, activated microphages attack bacteria, lung tissue becomes damaged and local necrosis of lung tissue occurs
  14. Relative to Tuberculosis, what is the foci of the infection called?
    Ghon complex
  15. What kind of necrosis takes place with tuberculosis?
    Caseous necrosis
  16. what is the name of the entire tuberculosis infection structure? 
    Granuloma or Tubercle
  17. TB in many organ systems or just one?
    Can occur in many, depends of how the seeding spread during primary infection
  18. how would you reactivate TB?
    Weakening of the immune system
  19. What kind of TB is when the tubercles are disseminated around the whole body in blood?
    Miliary TB
  20. this kind of bacteria causes delayed hypersensitivity immune responses
  21. When does induration not occur during TB testing?
    Advanced TB
  22. This type of bacteria can be found in tap water, fresh and ocean water, mik, BIRD DROPPINGS, soil, and house dust...   usually infects birds and HIV patients
    Atypical mycobacteria
  23. This is the bactria responsible for leprosy, what are the two types?
    Mycobacterium Leprae,  Lepromatous, tuberculoid
  24. Leprosy w/ defective cellular immunity, infects every organ, primarily skin, nose, testes, and nerves (thickened)
  25. Leprosy that is less severe, where patients can actually put up an immune response, loss of sensation in patches
  26. Treatment for TB
  27. Bacteria that act like fungi
  28. This type of actinomycetes is not part of normal flora, gives TB like illness
  29. 3 types of spirochetes
    Treponema, Borrelia, and leptospira
  30. what stage of syphillis is considered "the great imitator"?
  31. tertiary symptoms of Syphillis?
    Gumma, Tabes Dorsalis, Charcot's joints, general paresis
  32. imparied vision, notched teeth and impaired hearing = what?
    Hutchinson's Triad
  33. Blueberry muffin rash is indictive of what?
    congenital syphillis
  34. Yaws - identical to T. Pallidum
    T. Pertenue
  35. Trench mouth
    T. vincentii
  36. Large spirochete
  37. Relapsing fever, transmitted by body lice, lesions on internal organs
    Borrelia recurrentis
  38. Lyme disease, transmitted by deer ticks in the nymph stage
    Borrelia Burgdorferi
  39. three stages of lyme disease
    • 1- bulls eye lesion
    • 2- Erythema chroinicum migrans
    • 3- meningoencephalitis, myocarditis, musculoskeletal pain, chronic arthritis
  40. Spirochete hooked on each end, penetrate mucous membranes and invade blood --> other organs, also called Weil's Disease
  41. Very Pleomorphic, tiniest free living organisms capable of self replicating, chol. for growth
  42. Self-limiting bronchitis and pneumonia, PAP or Walking pneumonia
    Mycoplasma Pneumonia
  43. T-Strain Mycoplasma, found in urine, sexually transmitted
    Ureaplasma Urealyticum
  44. Obligate intracellular parasites, needs cell for rare materials to sythesize ATP, Gram - coccobacilli, grown in chick embryo egg sacks
  45. Two Groups of Rickettsial Dz, what are they??
    Typhus, Spotted Fevers
  46. Vectored by lice, also called Rickettsia prowazeki, macular rash, brill-zinsser Dz
    Epidemic typhus
  47. Vectored by flea, also called rickettsia typhi, smiliar path as epidemic typhus, not as severe
    endemic typhus
  48. Vectored by larva of mites "chiggers" also called orientia tsutsugamushi, maculopapular rash
    Scrub typhus
  49. Vectored by spotted wood tick, maculopapular rash --> palms --> all over body, also called rickettsia rickettsii
    rocky mountain spotted fever
  50. vectored by mites, similar to chicken pox, also called rickettsia akari
    rickettsial pox
  51. vectored by lice pediculous humanus, high fevers --> 105 deg. Stays high for 5 - 6, then reoccurs, also called rickettsia quintana
    Trench fever
  52. The Dz has on vector, lives in ticks and cattle feces, infects endospore style, also called coxiella burnetii
    Q Fever
  53. what obligate intracellular parasite, gram -,  has the following life cycle??

    Elementary  body (EB) is infective,
    EB enters columnar epithelial cell via endocytosis
    EB transforms inside cell to larger reticulate body
    Reticulate body in cell divides and new elementary bodies are released
  54. this is the leading cause of preventable blindess worldwide, aka Trachoma, only in humans, chronic conjunctivitis, can lead of PID in women
    Chlamydia trachomatis
  55. this causes psittacosis "parrot fever" very pneumonia like, when humans inhale bacteria from feathers or feces
    Chylamidia Pittaci
  56. Aeorbic gram - microbe caused outbreak of pneumonia at an american legion, facultative intracellular parasite,  found in natural and artificial water environments,  aerosolized contaminated water is route in --> infection
    Legionella Pneumophilia
Card Set
Micro Vectors
Micro vectors