Medical Terminology Week 8

  1. Absolute neutrophil count
    Thereal number of white blood cells (WBCs) that are neutrophils. The absoluteneutrophil count is commonly called the ANC. The normal range for the ANC = 1.5to 8.0 (1,500 to 8,000/mm3).
  2. Acute
    Of abrupt onset, in reference to a disease. Acute often also connotes an illness that is of short duration, rapidly progressive, and in need of urgent care
  3. Adenocarcinoma
    The development of cancer in the inner surface or lining of any organ.
  4. Adenoma
    Anon-malignant epithelial growth or tumor in the tissues of a gland
  5. Adenopathy
    Glandular disease
  6. Anemia
    The condition of having a lower-than-normal number of red blood cells or quantity of hemoglobin. Anemia diminishes the capacity of the blood to carry oxygen. Patients with anemia may feel tired, fatigue easily, appear pale, developpalpitations, and become short of breath
  7. Benign
    Not malignant. A benign tumor is one that does not invade surrounding tissue or spread to other parts of the body; it is not a cancer
  8. Biopsy
    Theremoval of a sample of tissue for examination under a microscope to check forcancer cells or other abnormalities
  9. Brachytherapy
    Radiation treatment given by placing radioactive material directly in or near the target, which is often a tumor
  10. CA-125Test
    A blood test for detecting elevated levels of CA-125, which is a protein antigen, which can be indicative of the development of ovarian cancer, and other disorders
  11. Carcinoma
    Cancer that begins in the skin or in tissues that line or cover body organs
  12. Chronic
    In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months or more. Chronic diseases are in contrast to those that are acute (abrupt, sharp, and brief) or subacute (within the interval between acute and chronic).
  13. Comorbid
    Pertaining to two or more disorders simultaneously
  14. Diff dx
    Abbreviation for differential diagnosis, the process of weighing the probability of one disease versus that of other diseases to account for a patient's condition. Dx is the medical abbreviation for diagnosis
  15. Ectomy
    The surgical removal of something. For example, a lumpectomy is the surgical removal of a lump, a tonsillectomy is the removal of the tonsils, and an appendectomy is removal of the appendix
  16. Etiology
    The study of causes, as in the causes of a disease
  17. Excise
    To cut out entirely. For example, a scalpel or laser beam may be used to excise a tumor. The terms excise and resect are not synonymous. Excise implies total removal, whereas resect does not
  18. Fistula
    An abnormal passageway in the body. The fistula may go from the body surface into a blindpouch or into an internal organ or go between two internal organs
Card Set
Medical Terminology Week 8
Medical terminology for RDTP