Anatomy Ch 10

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  1. 4 scapular muscles whose tendons make up the rotator cuff:
    • Supraspinatous
    • Infraspinatous
    • Teres minor
    • Subscapulars
  2. 3 muscles that make up the hamstring group in the thigh:
    • Semitendinosus
    • Semimembranosus
    • Biceps femoris
  3. 4 muscles that make up the quadriceps femoris muscle group in thigh:
    • Rectus femoris
    • Vastus lateralis
    • Vastus medialis
    • Vastus intermedius
  4. 4 muscles of mastification:
    • Temporalis
    • Masseter
    • Medial pterygoid
    • Lateral pterygoid
  5. Powerful shoulder muscle that abducts the humerus:
    Supraspinatus muscle
  6. 2 large and powerful muscles that adduct the humerus:
    • Latissimus dorsi
    • Pectoralis major
  7. 2 muscles involved in supination of the forearm:
    • Supinator
    • Biceps brachii
  8. 9 muscles that cross the shoulder joint:
    • Teres major
    • Teres minor
    • Pectoralis major
    • Latissimus dorsi
    • Deltoid
    • Subscapularis
    • Supraspinatus
    • Infraspinatus
    • Coracobrachialis
  9. 3 muscles that will extend the neck:
    • Trapezius
    • Splenius cervicis
    • Splenius/Semispinalis/Longissimus capitis
  10. 2 muscle groups that will flex the neck:
    • Sternocleidomastoid
    • Anterior/middle/posterior scalene
  11. 2 muscles that along with the rectus femoris muscle will flex the hip joint:
    • Psoas major
    • Iliacus
  12. The large buttocks muscle that will extend the hip joint:
    Gluteus maximus
  13. 2 muscles that will plantar flex the foot at the ankle joint:
    • Gastrocnemius
    • Soleus
  14. 2 powerful muscles that will flex the elbow joint:
    • Biceps brachii
    • Brachialis
  15. Not as powerful muscle that assists in flexing the elbow joint:
  16. 2 muscles that will extend the elbow joint:
    • Triceps brachii
    • Anconeus
  17. 2 deep upper back muscles and 1 large diamond shaped superficial muscle that will raise and stabalize the scapula:
    • Trapezius
    • Latissimus dorsi
    • Rhomboid major and minor
  18. Large back muscle known as the "swimmer's" muscle:
    Latissimus dorsi
  19. Circular muscle around the mouth known as the "kissing" muscle:
    Orbicularis oris muscle
  20. Muscle on the chin used for pouting:
  21. "Boxer's" muscle that moves the scapula forward:
    Serratus anterior
  22. Muscle used to thrust the tongue forward:
  23. The suprahyoid muscle that forms the floor of the mouth:
  24. The muscle of the arm and forearm whose body is mainly in the forearm:
  25. 2 humerus adductor muscles that insert into the intertuberculer groove are:
    • Pectoralis major
    • Latissimus dorsi
  26. A chest muscle that inserts into the coracoid process of the scapula:
    Pectoralis minor
  27. An arm muscle that has its origin on the coracoid process and inserts onto the humerus:
  28. The dome shaped muscle used for breathing and the nerve that innervates it:
    • Diaphram
    • Phrenic nerves
  29. A deep back muscle group that is important for extending the vertebral column:
    • Erector spinae
    • (Iliocostalis, longissimus, and spinalis groups)
  30. The insertion for the biceps brachii muscle:
    By common tendon into the radial tuberosity.
  31. The insertion for the brachialis muscle:
    Coronoid process of ulna and capsule of elbow joint.
  32. The insertion for the triceps brachii muscle:
    By common tendon into olecranon of ulna.
  33. The origin and insertion of the sternocleidomastoid muscle:
    • Origin: Manubrium of sternum and medial portion of clavicle
    • Insertion: Mastoid process of temporal bone and superior nuchal line of occipital bone
  34. The muscle pair that will rotate the head only when one is contracted:
  35. The tendon that is the common insertion of the gastrocnemius and soleous muscles:
    Posterior calcaneus via calcaneal tendon.
  36. The abdominal muscles that will flex the vertebral column:
    • Rectus abdominus
    • External oblique
    • Internal oblique
  37. The line of connective tissue between the rectus abdominus muscles:
    Linea alba
  38. The lateral rotators of the femur that insert onto the greater trochanter area of the femur:
    • Piriformis
    • Obturator internus
    • Gamellus superior
    • Gamellus inferior
  39. The nerve that passes the the carpal tunnel:
    Median nerve
  40. The aponeuroses on the head that connects the frontal and occipital bellies:
    Galea aponeuroses (epicranial aponeuroses)
  41. The muscles whose inferior border of its aponeuroses forms the inguinal ligament:
    External oblique
  42. The thigh muscle used in crossing the legs:
  43. The superficial neck muscle that wrinkes the skin of the neck:
    Pltysma muscle
  44. The muscle that will flex the great toe:
    Flexor hallucis longus
  45. The structures in the hand that thenar and hypothenar muscles go to:
    • Thenar: ball of thumb
    • Hypothenar: ball of little finger
Card Set
Anatomy Ch 10
Anatomy Ch 10
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