Driver's Ed Chapter 5

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  1. What does the acronym SIPDE stand for?
    • Scan
    • Identify
    • Predict
    • Decide
    • Execute
  2. What should you SCAN for?
    • Any hazards around you
    • (car accidents, pedestrians)
  3. What should you IDENTIFY?
    • Hazards and Potential conflicts
    • (buildings, signs, parked cars)
  4. What should you PREDICT?
    • How critical the hazard and if it can cause a collision
    • (What if a ball rolls across the street)
  5. What should you DECIDE?
    • What you can do to reduce the hazards
    • (Honk, speed up, slow down)
  6. How should you EXECUTE?
    Do what you decided
  7. What is reduced in a tired driver?
    Their reaction time
  8. A tired driver can be as dangerous as what?
    A drunk driver
  9. When was Maggie's Law enacted?
  10. What does Maggie's Law make illegal?
    Driving while tired
  11. What does Maggie's Law establish?
    This law establishes driving while fatigued as recklessness under the vehicular homocide statue
  12. When you lose your concetration. A translike state that occurs when your behind the wheel for a long time?
    Highway hypnosis
  13. It recommended that driver should rest how often?
    Every 2 hours or share the driving
  14. Driving/Following to closely behind the vehicle that is in front of you?
  15. A motorist should keep how many feet away from another car every 10 miles?
    20 feet
  16. A motorist should keep away 20 ft from another car for every how many miles?
  17. What is important ahout defensive driving?
    Using the proper lane
  18. When a motorist is passed by another vehicle they shuld what?
    • Stay in the proper lane
    • Slow Down
  19. When driving on wet roads the 3-second rule should be increased to what?
    4 or more seconds
  20. When are roadways the most slippery?
    The first few minutes of rainfall
  21. How should you test the breaks when driving through a puddle?
    By Pumping them
  22. How do you dry the brakes out when driving through a water puddle?
    By Pumping the breaks
  23. Should you drive slow or fast through a puddle?
  24. What can wet roads cause tires to do?
  25. Riding up on a film of water 
  26. Wet roads can cause tires to hydroplane or ride up on a film of water starting at about how many mph?
    35 mph
  27. After how many mph can tires totally leave the wet road's surface, making it impossible to break or turn?
    55 mph
  28. How should avoid hydroplaning?
    • Do not drive on bald or badly worn tires
    • Slow down when heavy rain, standing water, or slush is near
  29. What has to be removed from the vehicle before driving during winter months?
    Snow and Ice
  30. A vechile will skid if a motorist ...
    • Accelerates too quickly
    • Turns too fast
    • Brakes improperly
  31. Motorists with ABS brakes should keep their foot where?
    On the brake
  32. Motorists with ABS brakes shouldn't do what?
    Pump the brakes
  33. A vehicle with conventional disc and drum brakes require what kind of pressure on the brake pedal?
    Firm and steady
  34. Hitting the wheels too hard will cause the wheels to do what?
  35. If the brakes lock what do you do?
    Release the brake pedal and then immediately reapply with slightly less pressure
  36. On snow covered roads a motorist should keep a following distance of how many seconds?
    6 seconds or more
  37. What steps should you take when driving in Frost or Ice?
    • Scrape and wipe windows
    • Turn on defrosters
  38. What do you do if the defroster doesn't work?
    • Put the windows up
    • Close the doors
    • Put heat on high
  39. What steps should be taken when driving in a Fog?
    • Slow Down
    • Turn headlights on low
    • Turn on Fog lights (if you have them)
    • Follow pavement markings and other vehicle's lights.
  40. What steps should be taken when driving with a Sun Glare?
    • Use Sun Visor
    • Hold steering wheel firmly
    • Slow down
  41. When driving in the city a motorist should look at least how many seconds ahead?
    12 seconds
  42. In NJ, fines are doubled where?
    in Construction Zones
  43. To avoid a spin when the vehicle is skidding a motorist should do what?
    Turn in the direction the rear of the vehicle is skidding without over steering
  44. If your vehicle runs off the pavement you should:
    • Slow Down
    • Regain Control
    • Turn Slowly onto the Road
  45. If a vehicle's conventional disc and drum brakes fail, a motorist should do what?
    • Shift to a lower gear
    • Pump the brake pedal fast and hard several times
  46. If a motorist gets a flat tire or blowout they should what?
    • Hold the steering wheel firmly
    • Keep the vehicle straight 
    • Slow Down
  47. If the engine dies, the steering wheel will fail, so a motorist should keep what kind of grip on the wheel?
  48. If a gas pedal sticks, a motorist should do what?
    • Keep their eyes on the road
    • Shift to neutral
  49. When driving in reverse how should you look to see if it is clear to go?
    Put right arm on passenger seat and turn head so you can see out the back window.
  50. Road with no set rules, you just have to use common sense and caution 
    Traffic Circle
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Driver's Ed Chapter 5
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