CNA Chapter 16 Vocabulary

  1. 24-Hour Urine Specimen
    urine specimen consisting of all urine voided in a 24-hour period
  2. Calculi
    kidney stones
  3. Chronic Renal Failure  (CRF)
    progressive condition in which the kidneys cannot filter certain waste products; also called chronic kidney failure
  4. Clean-catch Specimen
    a urine specimen that does not include the first and last urine that is voided; also called midstream
  5. Condom Catheter
    a catheter that has an attachment on the end that fits onto the penis; also called an external or Texas catheter
  6. Dialysis
    a process that cleans the body of wastes that the kidney cannot  remove due to kidney failure
  7. End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD)
    condition in which kidneys have failed and dialysis or transplantation is required to sustain life
  8. Indwelling Catheter
    a catheter that stays inside the bladder for a period of time; urine drains into a bag
  9. Ketones 
    chemical substances that the body produces when it does not have enough insulin in the blood
  10. Micturition
    the process of emptying the bladder of urine; also called urination or voiding
  11. Routine Urine Specimen
    a urine specimen that can be collected any time a person voids
  12. Specific Gravity
    a test performed to measure the density of urine
  13. Sphincter
    a ring-like muscle that opens and closes an opening in the body
  14. Straight Catheter
    a catheter that does not stay inside the person; it is removed immediately after urine is drained or collected
  15. Urinary Incontinence
    the inabilty to control the bladder, which leads to an involuntary loss of urine
  16. Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)
    a disorder that cause inflammation of the bladder; also called cystitis
  17. Voiding
    the process of emptying the bladder of urine; also called urination or micturition
Card Set
CNA Chapter 16 Vocabulary
The Urinary System