A chemical agent applied to living tissue to prevent growth and reproduction of micoorganism
Acute abdominal pain
A syndrome caused by severe paroxysmal pain due to disease of an abdominal organ
Dogs: A virus that causes vomiting and diarrhea similar to parvo but not as deadly.
Felines: Corona viruses are very common and cause a mild dirrhea but one strain, Feline Infectious Peritonitis, is fatal in later stages
A chemical agent applied to inanimate surfaces to kill pathogenic (disease causing) microorganisms
A viral infection affecting several species that is characterized in dogs by discharges from eyes and nose, vomiting, diarrhea, coughing and seizures
An object that can be contaminated which aids in the spread of the microorganisms
Examples- shoes, bowls, leashes, litter pans, surfaces of cages, brooms, and mops
The common name for Dirofilaria Immitis
(functional or protective)
The condition of being immune; security against a particular disease; non suscepibility to the invasive or pathogenic effects of microorganisms or helminth parasites or to the toxis effect of antigenic substancees.
(humoral and cell-mediated)
Responsiveness to antigen that leads to more rapid binding or elimination of antigen than in the nonimmune state
The capacity to distinguish foreign material from itself, and to neutralize, eliminate, or metabolize that which is foreign by the pshysiological mechanisms of the immune response
the protection that is transferred from one animal (or person) that has specific antibodies to an antigen that the recipient may not have and the antibodies are transferred as performed antibodies. This transfer can tak eplace through teh placenta, the mother's colostrum (first milk), a blood or plasma transfusion, or an injection of gamma globulin.
The development of antibody protection in response to vaccination or natural infection
Parvo / Parvovirus
A Viral infection which may affect cattle, dogs, cats, and swine.
Dogs: Most commonly seen in dogs in which the clinical signs are vomiting and diarrhea, often with blood, high fever, and dehydration.
Felines: the disease is known as feline panleucopenia which is also a vomiting and dirrhea disease
A highly fatal viral infection of the nervous system which affects all warm-blooded animal species. Rabies is one of the most important zoonoses because of the inevitably fatal outcome for the infected human
A fungal or dermatophyte of the superificial layers of the skin and hair fibers. The infection is very superficial in cats and dogs but the disease is highly contagious causing ringworm. Children and immunosuppressed individuals can be severly affected.
An intensely puritic dermatitis caused by the acarid mite. Most mites are species specific but can be incomplete causing a mild transient infection in humans
The introduction of a vaccine, which may be attenuated, modified live culture, or reactive parts of the virus or bacteria, into the body to produce an immunity to the specific disease
A person trained and authorized to practice veterinary medicine and surgery; A Doctor of Veterinary Medicine
Remove dried urine particles on equipment and cages
Corrosive; potential health hazards; need to remove residual detergent by rinsing with water
Remove oils left on surfaces from food, fecal material, or animal skin and hair
Separate fat molecules so you can remove by rinsing
Sanitizes equipment, utensils, and skin
Stable; irritates skinn less and corrodes metals less than otehr products; bactericide; sporocide; may stain
If a hospitialized patient is shedding a _______, it is necessary to clean frequently to keep other animals from _______ the _______.
virus, ingesting, virus
It is a good idea to have a shallow tub of _______ water near the _______ ward exit, so the attendant can _______ into it to kill any disease organisms on the shoes.
bleach, isolation, step
The abreviation "OSHA" stands for_______ _______ and _______ _______.
Occupational Safety and Health Administration.
The letters "PPE" stand for _______ _______ _______.
Personal Protective Equipment
List six articles that might be classified as PPE.
Gloves, Goggles, apron, boots, ventiliation, face shield, lead gloves, lead apron, thyroid collar, dust mask, ear plugs
List six situations in which OSHA might recommend the use of PPE
Bathing, Pest Management, Dentistry, X-Ray, Pouring anesthetic gas liquids, Cleaning litter boxes, Preparation of lab samples, Pouring liquids, Lifting heavy objects, Kennel
Some equipment used in the veterinary clinic may pose a safety risk to you if not used with caution. The _______, for example, can get very hot and you should take care not to burn yourself when working around it. You should always allow it to _______ before opening the unit's door.
The _______, a device for rotating sample tubes at high speed, is another common piece of equipment in the veterinary clinic. You should always close the lid before _______ it, adn never _______ it while the unit is running.
centrifuge, starting, open
If you need to pick up an animal or other weighty object, alway sbend at the _______.
When lifting or carrying an animal, place one arm under the animal's _______ and the other arm behind its _______.
front legs, back legs
All animals should be kept on a _______ or in a _______ to prevent escapees.
When assisting a veterinarian witha feline patient, it is important to restrain the _______ and _______.
_______ is one of your most important jobs when working in a clinic.
Do not attempt to handle a _______ or _______ animal without assistance.
Muzzling is safer for the _______, _______, _______, and owner.
pet, veterinarian, assistance
Excessive exposure to _______ can cause _______ and _______.
radiation, burns, cancer
When using x-rays, you must wear procteving equipment including _______ _______, _______, and _______ collar.
lead apron, gloves, thyroid
There can also be hazards related to _______ of drugs. When counting pills, always use a _______ tray, not your _______.
handling, counting, hands
Every clining has MSDS, or _______ _______ _______ _______.
Material Safety Data Sheets
Always thoroughly wash your hands after handling any _______.
If not working properly, the _______ machine can leak _______ gases into the clinic.
If you are _______or planning to become _______ in teh near future, you should avoid the radiology machine, certain medicaitons, and other hazards in the clinic.
True or False: Zoonotic diseases are bacterial or viral infections that animals get through exposure to their owners.
True or False: Rabies is an RNA virus known as rhabdovirus
True or False: The incubation period of a disease is the period of time that elapses between exposure and onset of actual disease symptoms and clinical signs
True or False: Rabies is a viral encephalitis, which emans it is a virus that causes inflammation of the joints
True or False:You should try to answer an animal owner's questions as best you can, even when your are not sure of the answers.
True or False: Mange is a disease caused by micosopice parasites known as mites
True or False: Toxoplasmosis is a disease caused by a type of hookworkm known as Toxoplasma gondii.
True or False: Roundworms are a serious infection in animals, but pose no threat to humans.
True or False: If a human is exposed to toxoplasmosis, infection is almost certain unless the person has a weekened immune system
True or False: Feline leukemia virus can be shed in teh saliva, but is mostly spread in teh feces and never spreads transmammary to kittens.
True or False: When humans are infected with hookworms, the disease is known as cutaneous larval migrans.
True or False: For many hears, heartworm disease was known only in cats, but recently it has been found to be fatal in dogs as well.
True or False: Canine parvovirus enteritis is a disease transmitted when a animal injests feces containing the disease bacteria shed by an infected animal.
True or False: Feline infectious peritonitis (FIP) has a mortality rate of almost 100 percent.
True or False: Some cats can have the feline leukemia virus on their bodies, but never get sick
True or False: The parvo organism can live in the ideal environment for months.
True or False: Feline distemper and infectious feline entreritis are other names for the disease known as panleukopenia.
True or False: The head or brain of an animal to be tested for rabies must be kept within a temperature range of -32 to -45 degrees F.
True or False: If a pet bites a human, it must be kept in quarantine for a peroid of not more than five days to see if it develops clinical signs of rabies.
True or False: Cats can get sarcoptic mange when exposed to the mite that causes the condition in dogs.
True or False: If an animal has been properly vaccinated, you can be 100 percent sure it will never develop the disease for which it was vaccinated.
True or False: Skunks, raccooons, bats, foxes, and coyotes are wild creatures, and as such, have a natural immunity to rabies and never get the disease.
True or False: Animal sare at higher risk of infection if they are housed in close quarters with several other animals.
True or False: Sarcoptic mange is contagious to other dogs and humans.
True or False: Counseling clients on the possible chances of infections from thier animals is a very important part of the technician's job ina veterinary clinic.
True or False: The emotions experience by a person who has lost a beloved animal companion are far different than those experienced by someone who has lost a member of their human family.
True or False: Some people think of their animals simply as property, somewhat like owning a car.
True or False: Euthanasia should be performed only in the regular examination room.
True or False: Some people regard animal ownership as a serious responsiblity and do everything necessary to ensure the animla's health and well-being.
True or False: It is a waste of time to deal with clients' possible emotional attachments to thier animal companions; it is highly inefficient and nothing good can come of it.
True or False: As a technician, your behavior torward a client's animal should balways be humane and professional, tempered by your observations of the client's own attitude about animals.
True or False: It is foolish to thing that anyone would regard thir pet as a "little person with fur".
True or False: When an animal's prognosis is grave, it is best to adopt a jovial, light-hearted attituee with the owner, perhaps telling jokes and laughing.
True or False: The impression a client develops of you and the clinic during a crisis situation will be soon forgotten, so you shouldn't let it concern you.
True or False: As a whole, our society is becoming more attached to its companion animals and treating them more like members of the family, a trend that has accerlerated in the past 50 years.
Contaminated reusable sharps must be placed in containers which are:
labeled or coded
leakproof on sides and bottom
in accordance with requirements for reusable sharps
The sharps containers are used to prevent leaking during:
Containers for contaminated sharps shall be:
easily accessible and as close as possible to area sharps are used
replaced routinely, not overfilled
When moving containers of contaminated sharps from the area of use, the containers shall be:
closed to prevent spillage
placed in secondary container if leakage is possible
List at least four items that woudl be classified as a "sharps" object:
Protein produced by the body's immune system in response to a harmful substance
Substance that causes your body to produce antibodies
True or False: Disinfectants that contain Phenols are safe to use around cats.
True or False: Preparing a sample for rabies testing includes freezing the sample prior to shipping.
True or False: Distemper is a highly contagious viral disease of the canine respiratory tract.
True or False: Sarcoptic Mange is also known as "Scabies".
What are some clinical signs of parvovirus?
True or False: Roccal-D is a quaternary ammonium compound
True or False: Hookworms are zoonotic parasites that can be passed by skin penetration, transmammary, in utero, or by ingestion of eggs.
Leptospirosis is a zoonotic disease that affects the _______, _______, and _______ _______.
liver, kidney, respiratory tract
torwards the head
towards the back (tail)
towards the underside (chest)
towards the middle, or midline
towards the back
the study of
disease of a particular organ
to cut out
to cut into
to form a new opening
instrument to view something
to tap with a needle
refers to pain
pertains to liver
pertains to cells
Veterinarian must be readily available to communicate (phone, text, email, etc. )
Veterinarian must be within audible and visual range (same room)
Veterinarian must be on the premises (Somewhere in the clinic)