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sex = biological
gender = socially constructed
how many pairs of chromosome does each human cell has
2 types of chromosomes and what they influence/determine?
autosomes - influence all characteristics except primary sex determination
sex chrmosomes- determine primaty sex determination = X & Y chromosomes
female = XX
male = XY
what is sexual dimorphism
the phenomena by which males and females diplay basic differences in size and shape
in general males:
In general females:
larger, with more develop masculature
anatomical traitss related to childbirth, esp. in pelvis
at birth is there dimorphsm between boys and girls
when do differences emerge
how much earlier is adolescent growth spurt in girls?
slight sexual dimorphism but differences (major) dont emerge until after puberty
2 years earlier in girls