chapter 3 vocab

  1. abominate
    • v. to have an intense dislike or hatred for.
    • syn: loathe, abhor, despise, detest
    • ant: relish, savor, cherish, esteem
  2. acculturation
    • n. the modification of the soical patterns, traits, or structures of one group or society by contract with those of another, the resultant blend
    • syn: adaptation
  3. adventitious
    • adj. resulting from chance rather than from an inherent cause or character, accidental, not essential, acquired, not congenital
    • syn: extrinsic, incidental, fortuitous
    • ant: essential, intrinsic, inherent, congenital
  4. ascribe
    • v to assign or refer to (as a cause or source) attribute
    • syn: impute, credit, attribute
  5. circuitous
    • adj. roundabout, not direct
    • syn: indirect, meandering, winding
    • ant: straight, direct, as the crow flies
  6. commiserate
    • v. to sympathize with, have pity or sorrow for, share a feelign of distress
    • syn: feel sorry for, empathize
    • ant: feel no sympathy for
  7. enjoin
    • v. to direct or order, to prescribe a course of action in an authoritaive way, to prohibit
    • syn: bid, charge, command, adjure
    • ant: allow, permit
  8. expedite
    • v. to make easy, cause to progress faster
    • syn: accelerate, facilitate, speed up
    • ant: hinder, hamer, impede, obstruct
  9. expiate
    • v. to make ammends, make up for, to avert
    • syn: redeem, make ammends for, atone, make reparation
  10. ferment
    • n. a state of great excitement, agitation, or turbulence
    • v. to be in or work into such a state, to produce alchol by chemical action
    • syn: commotin, turmoil, unrest
    • ant: peace and quiet, tranquility, placidity
  11. inadvertane
    • adj: resluting from or marked by lack of attention, unintentional, accidental
    • syn: accidental, unconsidered
    • ant: deliberate, intentional, premeditated
  12. nominal
    • adj: existing in name only, not real, too small to be considered or taken seriously
    • syn: titular, token, trifiling, inconsequential
    • ant: real, actual, exorbitant, excessive
  13. noncommital
    • adj: not decisive or definite, unwilling to take a clear position or to say yes or no.
    • syn: cagey, uninformative, playing it safe, playing it close to the vest
    • ant: positive, definite, committed
  14. peculate
    • v. to steal something that has been given into one's trust, to take improperly for one's own use
    • syn: embezzle, defraud, misappropriate
  15. proclivity
    • n. a natural or habitual inclination or tendency (especially of human character or behavior)
    • syn: natural bent, penchant, propensity
    • ant: inability or incapacity
  16. sangfroid
    • n. commposure or coolness, especially in trying circumstances
    • syn: poise, self-assurance, equanimity
    • ant: excitability, hysteria, flappability
  17. seditious
    • adj: resistant to lawful authority, having the purpose of overthrowing an established government
    • syn: mutinous, rebellious, subversive
    • ant: supportive, loyal, faithful, allegiant
  18. tenuous
    • adj. thin slender not dense, lacking clarity or sharpness, of slight importance or significance, lacking a sound basis, poorly supported
    • syn: flimsy, insubstantial, vague, hazy
    • ant: supportive, loyal, faithful, allegiant
  19. vitrolic
    • adj. bittter sarcastic, highly caustic ro bting (like a strong acid)
    • syn: withering, acerbic, mordant
    • ant: bland, saccharine, honeyed, sugary
  20. wheedle
    • v. to use coaxing or flattery to gain some desired end
    • syn: cajole, inveigle, soft-soap, sweet-talk
    • ant: coerce, browbeat, intimidate, strong-arm
Card Set
chapter 3 vocab
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