U.S. Learning Outcomes

  1. Triangle Shirtwaist Company
    Consumed in industrial fire, 147 people lost thier lives. Owners indicted for manslaughter and acquitted of charges
  2. Upton Sinclair
    Published "the Jungle". Ezposes the unsafe and unclean aspects of the Chicago meatpacking industry. Led to progressive reforms
  3. Injunction
    Court order forbidding a strike
  4. Yellow dog contract
    Agreement signed by workers not to join a union, nor support strikes
  5. Mother Jones
    Member of United mine workers of america. proponent of nonviolence. led march of the mill children to Roosevelts home to protest agains child labor
  6. Eugene V. Debs
    An American Union leader. Founding member of International Labor Union and IWW. canidate for President as member of Social Democratic Party. Best known Socialists
  7. Samuel Gompers
    Found American Federation of Labor. Focused on Collective Bargening, Or group negotiations, to get written agreements between worker and employer.(willing for strikes then KL)
  8. Terrence Powderly
    Worked as machinist and joined Knights of Labor. advanced in org. and appointed as grand master workman, unions highest post.
  9. Molly Maguires
    Irish coalfield workers. accused and convicted of killing 9 Penns. mine superintendents and destroying mine property
  10. National Labor Union
    First large scale national org. of laborers. powerful enough to creat own political party called Labor Reform Party.
  11. A labor union
    organized association of workers, formed to protect rights and interests
  12. Sherman Antitrust Act
    any attempt to interfere with free trade between states or intertationally by forming trust was illegal. concern expanding corporations would stifle free competition
  13. Trust busting
    Government act seeking to dissolve corporate trusts and monopolies. Roosevelt, Wilson, Taft, trust busters.
  14. Social Darwinists
    Believed government should take Laissez fare (hands off) to regulating business and market place
  15. Capitalism
    Economic system based on private ownership and unrestricted competition
  16. Gospel of Wealth
    Carnegies beleif people should be able to make as much as they could but then should pass to worthy causes.
  17. Philanthrapist
    one who gives to worthy causes
  18. J.P. Morgan
    banker who owned US steel, largest holding company. Bought Carnegies steel company
  19. John D. Rockefeller
    ruthless owner of oil company, helped found University of Chicago. not agree with gospel of wealth
  20. Trust
    method of consolidating competing companies, participants turn stock over to board of trustees. (run companies as large corporation.
  21. Monopoly
    created when one has complete control over an industry
  22. Social Darwinism
    economic theory, suppoted notion of individual responsibility. supported belief riches were simply sign of gods favor
  23. Andrew Carnegie
    first industrial giant in steel industry. rags to riches, made him model of the american success story
  24. Interstate Commerce Act
    reaction of Wabash Case, created Interstate commerce comission to oversee interstate commerce
  25. George Pullman
    built railroad car factory. established company town where workers lived. strict rules led to violent strike
  26. Alexander Graham Bell
    invented the telephone
  27. Thomas Edison
    perfected incandescent light bulb and system for pruducing and destributing electricity
  28. George Westinghouse
     made electrictiy safer and less expensive
  29. Bessemer Process
    Injecting air into molten iron to remove carbon and transform iron into steel
  30. Bimetallism
    monetary standard. value of mony expressed as certain amount of gold or silver
  31. The Depression 1873
    dissoled national labor union, threatened many new settler in midwest. small farmers banded together to form Populist party, included increase in money supply, rise in prices
  32. The Panic 1893
    triggered by corporate abuses, mismanagement, over building, and competition in railroad industry.railroads go into bankrupcy
  33. Gilded Age
    20 year period of US history after Reconstrucion. house of reps changes between Demo. and Repub.
  34. Fredrick Douglass Jackson
    "The Significance of the Frontier in American History" declared the frontier has ceased to exist
  35. Joseph Glidden
    invented barbed wire. cheap and easy to use, to keep cattle from straying or trampling crops. End era of open-range
  36. Great Plains
    between Mississippi River and Rocky Mountains. location of great cattle trails.
  37. Pacific Railroad Act
    passed without southern democrats in congress. granted government loans and huge tracts of land to union and southern pacific railroads. sold excess land for profit
  38. Battle of Wounded Knee
    Massacre by US. Brought Indian wars
  39. Dawes Severalty Act
    intended to assimulate natives by distributing reservation land, breaking up tribes. natives never recieved anything for land
  40. Assimilation
    process under which native americans would give up thier beliefs and way of life and become part of white culture
  41. George Armstrong Custer
    civil war hero and colonel in seventh cavalry. Sent to investigate reports of gold, sparked gold rush and started warfare between men and indians
  42. Battle of the Little Bighorn
    Victory for Natives, set stage for thier final defeat as it enraged americans who called for revenge.
  43. Homestead Act of 1862
    Southern democrats not in congress. offered 160 acres of free land to anyone who would live and cultivate it for 5 years.
  44. Andrew Johnson
    violated Tenure of Office Act by removing Sec. of War, Faced impeachment
  45. Black Codes
    Laws intended to force african-americans to continure working as plantation laborers.
  46. Scalawags
    White southerners who jointed republican party during reconstrucion, considered traitorers
  47. Carpetbaggers
    northerners went to south during reconstruction. carried belongings in carpetbags
  48. Freedmens Bureau
    organization that furnished food and medical supplies to blacks and poor whites.
  49. 13th Amendment
    Guaranteed freedom
  50. 14th admendment
    gave africans citizenship
  51. 15th Amendment
    forbid denial of right to vote
  52. Reconstruction
    period after Civil War which the South was being rebuilt and readmitted into Union
  53. Abraham Lincoln
    Assassinated by John Wilkes Booth 5 days after souths surrender in Civil War.
Card Set
U.S. Learning Outcomes
Reconstruction; Westward Expansion and the Guilded Age; Industrialization, Urbanization, Immigration and Unions