com 101

  1. rhetorical situation is constrained by ?
    • the audience
    • the occasion 
    • the style
    • the delivery 
    • the memory
  2. speakers can make choices involving ?
    • invention
    • arrangement
    • style
    • delivery
    • memory
  3. what is rhetoric
    the study of how messages affect people
  4. strategic planning
    determininh their goals and then determine the best way to achieve them
  5. what are the determinants of a rhetorical situation
    • occasion 
    • speaker
    • speech

  6. delivery
    presentation of the speech
  7. style
    distinctive charachter that may make a speech recognizable or memorable
  8. invention
    the generation of materials for the speech
  9. arrangment
    structure of ideas and materials in the speech
  10. extemporaneous presentation
    reffer to an outline like in class
  11. manuscript presentation
    written script  presidential scrripts
  12. purpose
    the goal of your speech
  13. thesis 
    statement of main idea
  14. ethos
    the charachter you project while speaking
  15. intro design
    • get audience attention
    • state thesis
    • preview how yoou will develope your ideas
  16. body
    developes thesis and offers proof to support them
  17. supporting material
    • experience
    • narrative
    • data
    • opinions
  18. conclusion
    • draw together ideas
    • add strong note of finality
  19. prep out line
    • attention getter:
    • thesis:

    • support
    • a.
    • B.
    • c.
    • conclusion:
  20. presentation outline
    same as prep outline no full sentences more familiar than prep outline
  21. confrentation reaction
    increased anxiety as you begin to speak
  22. empathy
    show listeners that speaker knows what audience thinks and can feel what they feel.
  23. demographics
    • size of audience
    • heterogeniality
    • captive  or voluntary audience
    • composition
  24. allusions
    brief references in speeches
  25. perception
    particular  understanding that a listener gets from a speech
  26. psyhological tendencies
    • make message personally relevant
    • make message stand out
    • make message easy to follow
  27. characteristicsof a good topic
    • good information available
    • importance to speaker
    • worthy of listeners time
    • apropriate
    • clarity
  28. steps in narrowing topic
    • most general
    • primary devision
    • topoi
    • specific topics
    • narrowed scope
    • further narrowing
    • speech topic
  29. topoi
    greek term meanin common places or common topics
  30. catagories of purpose
    • provide new info and perspective
    • agenda setting
    • creating positive or negative feeling
    • strengthening commitment
    • weakening commitment
    • conversion
    • inducing a specific action
  31. agenda setting 
    cause people to think about a topic they previously knew little about or ignored
  32. specific purpose statement 
    specifying what you want to achieve more specific version of general purpose statement.
  33. thesis statement 
    a summary statement of the central idea or claim made by the speech
  34. issue
    a question raised by the thesis statement
  35. opportunities in speech
    • content developement
    • language
    • delivery
    • organization
    • memory
  36. rhetorics and civics
    • earliest form of public speeches
    • development of greek state
    • rhetoric and rise of athenia democracy
  37. rise of sophists
    • bearers of wisdom
    • practinioners
    • teachers
  38. corax of syracuse
    • inventor of rhetoric as pursuasion
    • doctrine of general probility
    • emphasized on courts
  39. protagoras
    • "truth is what we make it"
    • for every idea there is a counter idea\
    • first to distinguish parts of speech
    • early use of "common place"
  40. Gorgias 
    • used language to pursuade
    • rythmic prose with grand flourishes
    • emphasis on "speakers success"
  41. isocrates
    • shallow techniches
    • shifted from courts to politics
    • first western school house
    • success= theoretical study and practil experiences
  42. Aristotle
    • wrote the "Rhetoric"- first public speaking book
    • ethos-credibility
    • pathos- emotional appeal
    • logos- argument
  43. cicero 
    • theorist
    • developed opportunities in speech
  44. types of supporting material
    • personal experience
    • common knowledge
    • direct observation
    • examples
    • documents
    • statistics
    • testimonys
  45. rheterical proof 
    established through  interaction in which the speaker and audience reason together
  46. claim  
    statement  you want the audience to accept
  47. fallacy
    is enference that appeas legit but actually has a huge flaw
  48. fallacy of composition
    asume if part is true it is all truee
  49. lay testimony
    what a ordinary person thinks of a topic
  50. pontificate
    speakers who offers judgements without any basis 
  51. resonance
    a FEATURE that makes a narrative strike a responce from listenrs
  52. equivocal
    a speech has more than one meening
  53. presenting main ideas
    • put in recognizable patterns helps listener remember past/presnt/future

    • engage listeneers  helps listeners ignore distractions
    • let the listeners be able to anticipate next main idea
  54. charachteristics of main ideas
    • simplicity
    • discreteness
    • parallel structure
    • balance
    • coherence
    • completeness
  55. ways of arranging supporting ideas
Card Set
com 101