Chapter 15 History

  1. Thomas Paine
    pamplet called common sense, published in 1776, said that people should govern themselves
  2. Thomas Jefferson
    author of the declaration of independence
  3. Abigail Adams
    wife of John Adams who wrote to her husband during the continental congress encouraging them to not forget women and their rights while writing the constitution. advocated for women's rights and equality
  4. Olympe de Gouges
    • wrote the rights of women and citizen
    • repeated the rights of man and included female rights to divorce, hold property, be edcuated, have public careers
    • men did not take up these proposals because liberty and equality were universal male rights
  5. The Terror
    radicals (Jacobins) launched a campaign and built an army to purge France of its enemies.  Executed 40,000 and had an army of 800k and tore down all signs/symbols of the past regime
  6. Napoleon's Empire
    Napoleon desired to take over all of Europe and create an empire like the holy roman empire.  His troops faced a lot of hardships and he did not succeed.  Increase in nationalism and war between countries
  7. Toussaint L'Ouverture
    Led slaves in Haiti to the most successful slave rebellion ever which led Haiti to be a free country
  8. Miguel Hidalgo y costilla
    the first priest in Mexico to lead an uprising against Spanish gov't 
  9. Simon Bolivar
    fought spanish armies to secure independence in five HA countries using techniques from other modern republics who sought independence from europe 
  10. Factors leading to British economic progress in early 19th century
    • coal and iron supplies
    • techonological innovations like steam and textile production
    • political and social conditions enabling merchants and industralists to mobilize capital
    • colonies that provided raw goods and slave labor
    • free trade with America
    • agricultural expansion
  11. Mayer Amschel Rothschild
    • common man born in Jewish Ghetto
    • made money by owning world's largest bank and lending money to kings and gov'ts at war 
  12. Manufacturing, Working and Living
    shift from the countryside to cities which were overcrowded and unclean, longer and more demanding work routines, wives and children also worked, more strict idea of time
  13. The east india company in india
    britain tried to control indian economically but not politically and did so by abusing power within india to make ridiculous amounts of money
  14. Sepoys
    native recruits to the british army in india
  15. Impact of Opium on Qing china's trade
    silver began to flow out of china instead of into china so they experienced silver shortages, peasant saw taxes surge, unrest gained moment, the economy was devastated
Card Set
Chapter 15 History
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