Augmentative & Alternative Communication

  1. AAC
    Augmentative and Alternative Communication
  2. assistive technology
    any item, piece of equipment or product system, whether acquired commercially off the shelf, modified or customized, to incr, maintain or improve functional capabilities of individuals w/ disabilities
  3. what are the categories of assistive technology
    • aids for daily living
    • communication aids
    • coputer application
    • environmental control systems
    • home and work site modifications
    • prosthetics and orthotics
    • seating and positioning
    • snesory aids for persons with hearing or visual impairments
    • wheelchairs/mobility aids
    • transportation aids
  4. assistive technology service
    any service that directly assists an individual with a disability in the selection, acquisition, or use of an assistive technology device
  5. augmentative communication
    refers to methods and devices that supplemnet existing verbal communication skills. the objective is to enhance the communication skills that the individual already exhibits
  6. alternative communication
    refers to techniques that substitue for spoken communication for those indvs who appear unable to or unlikely to develop spoken language skills
  7. what are the two basic kinds of AAC techniques
    aided and unaided
  8. aided
    everything from a simple communication board to the computer with a synthetic speech output system
  9. unaided
    no external support devices or procedures. they are portable, easy to use, no cords or batteries, inexpensive-easy to replace-and others can use w/ little or no training
  10. assessment of AAC
    • Begins w. determining the communication demads and opportunities presented by the environment
    • description of the learner's present communication status and whether or not an AAC device is needed 
    • Background info - medical diagnosis, case history
    • Mobility evaluation
    • Fine motor skills evaluation
    • Cognitive linguistic evaluation
    • Sensory-perceptual evaluation

    • Develop goals for child to participate in all environments
    • Select aided or unaided
    • Select symbol system - gestural or graphic
    • Select methods to incre AAC use
    •     -incr environments in which AAC is used
    •     -engage in age approp interaction
    •     -incr oppor for AAC use
    •     -focus conversation on topics valued by the indiv
    •     -focus conversation on topics valued by parents
    •     -consider ease of acquisition
    •     -consider enhancemnet of status for the AAC user
  11. suggestions for writing a letter of justification for AAC
    • Include background info, med diagnosis, kills and abilities, comm limitations
    • Describe the evaluation process, including equipment trials
    • Describe the recommended device and include the cost INCLUDING REPAIR, MAINTENANCE, AND TRAINING
    • If possible, include a letter of med necessity or prescription
  12. What strengths and weaknesses do you need to be aware of in an AAC Assessment?
    • Existing comm abilities
    • Cognitive abilities
    • Motor abilities
    • Sensory abilities
  13. Team evaluation and intervention for AAC
    • Regular/sped teachers
    • AuD
    • Ophthalmologist
    • Rehab engineer/computer engineer
    • Career counselor
    • OT, PT Speech
    • Social Worker
    • Psychologist
Card Set
Augmentative & Alternative Communication
Jamie Williamsh