Speech midterm

  1. Rhetoric
    pursuasive speech or writing
  2. Who developed the 5 cannons of Retoric?
  3. 5 cannons of rhetoric 
    • Invention- relate to the audience; audience centered
    • Arrangement- organization
    • Style- the way you express your ideas; language use
    • Memory- practice
    • Delivery- vocal and nonverbal behavior
  4. Oratory
    The art of public speeking
  5. Dyatic communication
    conversatio; two way communication
  6. A rhetoric Situation
    a person communicating to modify the opionion of another
  7. What is PSA
    Public Speaking anxiety
  8. When does Anxiety hit most people?
    right before the speech
  9. What is Defensive Listening?
    not agreeing
  10. What is Script Writing?
    coming up with counter attcks
  11. What is Speaker Credibility?
  12. What is an audience centered approach to public speaking?
  13. What is Pandering?
    when one abandons their own convictions and takes on the opinion of the audience
  14. What are audience demographics and how do they play into audience analysis?
    • A compiliation of statistical facts about your audience
    • Gender
    • Age
    • Socio Economic Status
    • Religion
    • Political Affiliation
  15. Generation Identity?
    Baby boomers, melenials....
  16. What are the Two General speach purposes?
    • To inform
    • To persuade
  17. What is NETSF? in terms of developing support for your topic
    • Naratives
    • Examples
    • Testimony
    • Statistics
    • Facts
  18. What is Cherry Picking?
    only using the statistical information that supports your point of view
  19. Whats the difference between primary and secondary sources?
    • primary- information collected first hand such as letters or historical documents
    • secondary- information previously published elsewhere
  20. What is a periodical?
    magazine or journal published regularly
  21. Similarities between public speaking and conversation
    • Organizing your thoughts logically
    • Tailoring your message to your audience
    • Telling a story for maximum impact
    • Adapting to listener feedback
  22. Differences between public speaking  and conversation
    • Public speaking is more highly structured
    • Public speaking requires more formal language
    • Public speaking requires a different method of delivery
  23. Positive nervousness
    Controlled nervousness that helps energize a speaker for her or his presentation
  24. Visualization
    Mental imaging in which a speaker vividly pictures himself or herself giving a successful presentation
  25. Critical thinking
    Focused, organized thinking about such things as the logical relationships among ideas, the soundness of evidence, and the differences between fact and opinion
  26. Frame of Reference
    The sum of a person's knowledge, experience, goals, values, and attitudes. No two people can have exactly the same frame of reference
  27. The situation
    The time and place in which speech commication occurs
  28. Guidelines for ethical speaking
    • Make sure your goals are ethically sound
    • Be fully prepared for each speech
    • B honest in what you say
    • Avoid name-calling and other forms of abusive language
    • Put ethical principles into practice
  29. Name calling
    the use of language to defame, demean, or degrade individuals or groups
  30. Global Plagerism
    Stealing a speech entirely from a single source and passing it off as one's own 
  31. Patchwork plagiarism
    Stealing ideas or language from two or three sources and passing them off as one's own
  32. Incramental plagiarism
    Failing to give credit for particular parts of a speech that are borrowed from other people
  33. Paraphrase
    To restate or summarize an author's ideas in one's own words
  34. Guidelines for Ethical Listening
    • Be courteous and attentive
    • Avoid prejuding the speaker
    • Maintain the free and open expression of ideas 
  35. Appreciative listening
     listening for pleasure or enjoyment ,as when we listen to music, to a comedy routine, or to an entertaining speech
  36. Empathic
    listening to provide emotional support for the speaker, as when a psychiatrist listens to a patient or when we lend a sympathetic ear to a friend in distress
  37. Comprehensive listening
    listening to understand the message of a speaker as when we attend a classroom lecture or listen to directions for finding a friend's house
  38. Critical listening
    listening to evaluate a message for purposes of accepting or rejecting it, as when we listen to the sales pitch of a car salesperson or the campain speech of a political candidate
  39. Active listening
    giving undivided attention to a speaker in a genuine effort to understand the speaker's point of view 
  40. Spare brain time
    The difference between the rate at which most people talke (120-150 words a minute) and the rate at which the brain can process language (400-800)
  41. Four causes of Poor listening
    • Not concentrating
    • Listening too hard
    • Jumping to conclusions
    • Focusing on delivery and personal appearance
  42. Ways to become a better listener
    • Take listening seriously 
    • Be an active listener
    • Resist distractions
    • Dont be diverted by appearance or delivery
    • Suspend Judgment
    • Focus your listening
    • Develop note-taking skills
  43. Ice breaker speech
    A speech early in the term designed to get students speaking in front of the class as soon as possible
  44. Extemporaneous speech
    A carefully prepared and rehearsed speech that is presented from a brief set of notes
  45. Brain storming
    A method of generating ideas for speech topics by free association of words and ideas
  46. Residual message
    What a speaker wants the audience to remember after is has forgotten everything else in a speech
  47. Audience centeredness
    Keeping the audience foremost in mind at every step of speech preparation and presentation
  48. Identification
    A process in which speakers seek to create a bond with the audience by emphasizing common values, goals, and experiences
  49. Situational Audience Analysis
    Audience analysis that focuses on situational factors such as the size of the audience, the physical setting for the speech, and the disposition of the audience toward the topid, the speaker, and the occasion
  50. Abstract
    A summary of a magazine or journal article, written by someone other than the original author
  51. Virtual Library
    A search engine that combines internet technology with traditional library methods of cataloguing and assessing data
  52. Recency
    choosing recent information
  53. Tips for using statistics
    • Use statitsics to quantify your ideas
    • Ues statistics sparingly
    • Identify the sources of your statistics
    • Explain your statistics
    • Round off complicated statistics
    • Use visual aids to clarify statistical trends
  54. Peer testimony
    Testimony from ordinary people with firsthand experience or insight on a topic 
  55. Quoting out of context 
    Quoting a statement in such a way as to distort its meaning by removing the statement from the words and phrases surrounding it 
  56. Strategic Organization 
    Putting a speech togehter in a particular way to achieve a particular result with a particular audience
  57. Connectives vs Transistion
    Connective- A word or phrase that connects the ideas of a speech and indicates the relationship between them

    Transition- a word or phrase that indicates when a speaker has finished one thought and is moving on to another
  58. Internal preview 
    A statement in the body of the speech that lets the audience known what the speaker is going to discuss next
  59. Internal summary
    A statment in the body of the speech that sumarizes the speaker's preceding point or points
  60. Signpost
    A very brief statement that indicates where a speaker is in the speech or that focuses attention on key ideas
  61. Four things intro should do
    • Get the attention and interest of your audience
    • Reveal the topic of your speech
    • Establish your credibility
    • Preview the body of the speech
  62. Rhetorical question
    a question that the audience answers mentally rather than out loud
  63. Goodwill
    The audience's preception of whether the speaker has the best interests of the audience in mind
  64. Preview statement 
    A statment in the intro of a speech that identifies the main points to be discussed in the body
  65. 2 major functions of the conclusion
    • To let the audience know you are ending the speech
    • To reinforce the audience's understanding of, or commitment to, the central idea
  66. Crescendo ending
    A conclusion in which the speech builds to a zenith of power and intensity
  67. Dissolve ending
    A conclusion that generates emotional appeal by fading step by step to a dramatic final statement
Card Set
Speech midterm