Medicinal Plants

  1. What is the scientific name for oats?
    Avena sative
  2. Where do oats (Avena sativa) originate?
    Mediterranean region: Europe, North Africa, and central Asia
  3. What parts of the oat plan (Avena sativa) are used?
    arial parts: oat bran, oat straw, whole oat grain, husk
  4. What part of oats (Avena sativa) are used in cereal?
    seed / grain
  5. Oats (Avena sative) are the principal cereal of which country?
    Great Britain: Wales, especially Scotland
  6. What can be a nondairy subsitutue for people allergic to soy and rice?
    oat milk
  7. Who were the top oat (Avena sativa) produceers in 2005?
    • 1) Russia (5.1 million tonne)
    • 2) Canada (3.3 million tonne)
    • 3) United States (1.7 million tonne)
  8. What are oats (Avena sativa) used for?
    • 1) human consumption
    • 2) oat straw baths: used traditionally for rheumatism and as a sedative
    • 3) oat extracts: used for more than a century for soothing topical emollient for managing dry, itchy, irritated, or inflamed skin, sunburns
    • 4) oat colloidal grain suspensions: used for decades in treatment of dermatitis
    • 5) subtle calming effects: used by caregivers of children with ADHD or depression
  9. How much of the oat (Avena sativa) crop grown do humans consume and why?
    • about 5% of total crops grown
    • recent increase in consumption due to interest in health benefits             
    • eating 3 or more servings of whole grains (such as oats) per day may reduce the risk of certain diseases and may help with weight mainenance
  10. Oats (Avena sativa) have a long history of use in cosmetic products ot relieve:
    • 1) irritation
    • 2) itching
  11. Oats (Avena sativa) are commonly used in:
    • 1) moisturizers
    • 2) facial masks
    • 3) topical creams
    • 4) bath soaps and gells
    • 5) sunscreans
  12. What are the active ingredients in oats (Avena sativa)?
    • 1) Beta-glucan: soluble fiber to lower LDL's when needed
    • 2) Gramine: reduce anxiety - sedative
    • 3) Mucilage: skin disorders, sunburns

    • Gramine and Mucilage reduce skin irritation 6 times faster than untreated sites.
  13. What does the FDA approve about oats?
    • 1) allows claim that solube fiber from whole oats as part of diet low in saturated fat and cholesterol may reduce risk of coronary heart disease
    • 2) allows colloidal (forms emulsion) oatmeal as active ingredient in skin protectants
    • 3) ...temporarily protect and help relieve minor skin irritation and itching
  14. What is the future outlook of oats?
    • 1) 2 increasingly significant market niches - humans and horses
    • 2) demand for and products increased due to potential health benefits for consumers - notably lowering cholesterol
Card Set
Medicinal Plants
Tests information on the medicinal plant Avena sativa: oats.