Autodesk Notes

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  1. refers to areas between and around parts of an image, and the implied depth in that image
  2. We can divide the space of an image into two types:
    Negative and Positive space
  3. Occupied areas of an image
    Positive Space
  4. Unoccupied area around image components
    Negative Space
  5. Space in an image can be expressed in terms of:
    foreground, mid-ground, background
  6.  often most evident in images with a lot of depth, as in this landscape photograph. Because of their size and definite edges, architectural elements are good focal points for identifying the different levels of this within an image.
    Space in Architecture
  7. the most basic element of design..has a position but theoretically no dimension.
  8. a point is located in two dimensions typically described by an X and Y axis, indicating horizontal and vertical position bound by the edges of the image or animation.
    2D point
  9. described using an additional third axis, Z, indicating depth.
     3D point
  10. often used as a simple shorthand for the location of something more complex. This can be especially important when you are trying to work with a lot of information..
    Point in Entertainment
  11. a design element having both length and direction.. the basic means of visual communication and can take on many different appearances, from the organic and natural to the mechanical.
  12.  can define the boundaries of shapes and spaces, indicate volume, suggest movement, and imply emotion.
  13.  can be used to point to an important area in a design, to create textures and patterns, and to create perspective and depth in an image
  14.  can be either actual or implied
  15. can be seen
    actual line
  16.  generally felt and created by the arrangement of other elements in a design, an effect known as closure.
     implied line
  17. In this close up image of the Eiffel Tower in Paris, France, you can see the intricate latticework and more substantial iron superstructure that form the shape of the tower. These lines of ironwork follow the lines of force acting on the tower and direct the tower’s weight to the ground evenly—a design that allows the Eiffel Tower to be one of the world’s tallest freestanding structures.
    line in architecture
  18. a 2D area enclosed by lines or curves that separate it from other shapes or the background
  19. can be created by an outline, change in value, change in color, or change in texture, and automatically creates negative space around itself
  20. Basic shapes such as circles, squares, rectangles, triangles, etc.
  21. . Simple shapes made of straight and curved lines, circles, parts of  circles, or man-made shapes
  22. Nombination of simple or other shapes.
  23. . Natural or simulating nature
  24. The shape of an object has a profound effect on how someone interacts with it. Industrial Designers focus on creating the shape of everyday objects so that their forms complement their functions
    shape in industrial design
  25. Natural shapes are a fertile ground for Industrial Designers. The most efficient shapes for performing a given task are often found in plants or animals. Designers can also use natural shapes to give their designs a sense of speed, warmth, danger, or other attributes of the natural sources they reference.
    natural shapes
  26. In a 2D image, 3D objects are represented by the careful use and placement of differing values on the image surface. A 3D image uses the same implied and differing values to represent the original 3D objects.
  27. There are few examples of architecture with more volume and thickness than the Pyramids of Giza, Egypt.  The Pyramid of Khafre (right of center in the image above) has an estimated volume of 1.7 million cubic meters. The pyramids are also known for their distinctive four-sided pyramid shape, a 3D form made visible in the 2D image above by the variation of value across each pyramid’s surface.
    form in architecture
  28. the most important element in 2D and 3D art.. the relative darkness or lightness of a color, object, or shape and varies depending on the amount of light illuminating the scene. The varying this in images enable us to perceive, not only shapes, but the illusion of 3D objects on a 2D surface.
  29. Making a 2D drawing look 3D is a skill that artists study for years to master. One of the most powerful tools an artist has is the application of a value called shading. Shading mimics the way that light and shadow play across the surface of objects. Here, a concept artist has applied gradations of value using grey markers to a pencil-line sketch. The addition of the shading helps to separate objects in the image and suggest their three-dimensional shape.
    value in industrial design
  30. used to simulate the surface appearance of a real-world object, and relates to the physical makeup of a given form..often refers to the substance of which an object is made
  31. can be measured or described by a number of qualities: hue, value, saturation
  32. Base color, slice of the visible light spectrum.
  33. Lightness or darkness of a color. Also called Luminance.
  34. Purity or intensity of the color relative to gray. Also called Chroma.
  35. . The relative sense of coolness or warmth of a color.
    Color Temperature
  36. . Effect of a combination of two or more colors that appear at a distance to be one hue.
    Color Quality
  37. Warm colors appear to come forward in space, while cool colors appear to recede back in space
    Color Distance
  38. Perceived heaviness or lightness of a color.
    Color Weight
  39.  refers to the mixing of light wavelengths that you see as different colors or, green and blue light mix to create white.
    Additive Color Theory
  40.  refers to the mixing of pigments or paints, which filter or reflect light from colored surfaces..., red, yellow and blueare the primary colors that when mixed with each other produce all other colors.
    Subtractive Color Theory
  41. red, yellow, blue
    Three primary colors
  42. made by mixing any two primary colors: orange, green, violet.
    Three secondary colors
  43. s lie between adjacent colors on the color wheel. These include red-orange, redviolet, blue-violet, bluegreen, green-yellow, and yellow-orange.
    Six tertiary colors
  44. are any two colors that lie opposite each other on the color wheel.
    Complimentary colors
  45.  refers to the distribution of elements within a composition. You can think of each element as having a visual weight, just as objects in a box have physical weight.
  46. several types of balance
    Symmetrical (formal).Asymmetrical (informal).Radial.
  47. . Equal distribution laterally across the vertical center line of an image
    Symmetrical (formal).
  48. Distribution laterally relative to the visual weight of a dominant component, rather than the image center.
    Asymmetrical (informal).
  49. Distribution of components in a circular pattern around a center point.
  50. used to draw viewer attention to one portionof a composition.
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Autodesk Notes
liz eisenhauer autodesk
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