1. ______  avoids the development of disease.
    Primary prevention
  2. ______  activities are focused on early disease detection, which prevents progression of the disease.
    Secondary prevention
  3. _______ reduces the impact of an already established disease by reducing disease realted complications.
    Tertiary prevention
  4. ______ was recommended because it focused on the systematic continuous data collection of health issues, which would ensure that public health agencies were vigilant in protecting the public.
  5. ______ should also include planning at all health levels, not just federally.
    Policy development
  6. ______ focuses on evaluating any processes that have been put in place to assure that the programs are being implemented appropriately.
  7. What is the study of disease distribution and patterns among populations
  8. What is a private standard developed by accepted organizations as a way to meet certain standards?
  9. What does a hospital need in order to obtain Medicare and Medicaid reimbursement?
  10. What provides care for patients who have a life threatening illness and the patient's family?
    Hospice Care
  11. What is the essential component of the US healthcare system because it is the point of entry into the system--where the patient makes first contact with the system?
    Primary care
  12. What are services that involve an overnight stay of a patient?
    Inpatient services
  13. _____ are also called primary care physicians. Their focus is preventive services such as immunizations, health examinations, etc. They often serve as a gatekeeper for a patient, which means they coordinate patient care if the patient needs to see a specialist for more complex medical problems.
  14. What services typically focus on acute care, which includes secondary and tertiary care levels that most likely require inpatient care?
    Inpatient services
  15. _____ are required to be certified in their area of specialization. This may require additional years of training, and require a board certifying or credentialing examination.
  16. Used in both fee-for-service and prepaid plans, ______ are costs that the patient must pay at the time they receive the services.
  17. Most insurance policies require a contribution from the covered individual in the form of a copayment, deductible, and/or coinsurance.  What is this concept?
    Cost sharing
  18. ______ are payments that are required prior to the insurance paying for services rendered in a fee-for-service plan.
  19. This was created in 1987 to to implement a new national prevention strategy to increase life expectancy, reduce health disparities and increase access to preventive services.
    Healthy people 2000
  20. Examples of this include smoking cessation programs and pregnancy education.
    Primary prevention
  21. These are large patterns of disease within a population that affect the population.
  22. This individual oversees the Public Health Service Corps, the commissioned officers in Public Health.
    The surgeon general
  23. This core function of Public Health focuses on the collection of data to inform decision making.
  24. These predecessors of hospitals primarily provided health care to the poor.
    What is poorhouse (pesthouse)?
  25. This is private standard is widely accepted by health care organizations.
  26. This is required for hospitals to receive reimbursement from Medicare and Medicaid.
  27. This special reimbursement provides Rural hospitals with funding for capital costs which enables these facilities to expand.
    Cost Plus
  28. This is the largest payer of hospital services in the U.S. health care system.
  29. This is the branch of federal government that oversees health related agencies.
    Executive Branch
  30. This federal agency administers government sponsored health insurance programs.
  31. This level of government has the most direct role in the delivery of health care.
    Local health departments
  32. This federal agency was established after the terrorist attacks that occured on September 11, 2001.
    What is the Department of Homeland Security?
  33. This federal agency oversees the enoromous U.S. pharmaceutical industry.
  34. These physicians are trained to focus on the whole body and have a more holistic approach to health care as opposed to their counterparts, which focus of diseases within specific body systems.
    What is an Osteopath (D.O.)?
  35. This profession represents the largest group in the health workforce.
  36. These independent health care providers (not physicians) provide holistic health care services and focus on the alignment of the body.
  37. Primary health care services are provided by this type of provider.
  38. This federal government program provides funding to aide in recruitment of health professionals into geographic areas with health professional shortages.
    National Health Service Corps
  39. These types of health care services normally require an overnight stay in the hospital.
  40. This type of health care service, literally meaning "walking" is generally provided in a physician office.
  41. This type of health care is provided to consumers who need medical care but the situation is not life threatening
    Urgent care
  42. This type of health care is generally provided to elderly persons who are experiencing problems with mobility.
    Home health care
  43. This type of health care is provided to terminally ill patients and their families.
    Hospice Care
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