Module 3

  1. Almost all energy sources are converted by the digestive system to
  2. How is ATP made?
    The primary purpose of digestion is to convert the large molecules contained in macronutrients to small molecules.

    The small molecules are then converted to glucose which circulates in the bloodstream.

    Glucose is converted to ATP inside of cells
  3. Glucose may be stored as glycogen in the what
    liver and muscles, and used later when needed. 

    Or, glucose my circulate in the blood to meet the body's immediate needs.
  4. Vitamins are called
  5. Vitamins work in a similar fashion to help speed up essential
    chemical reactions in cells
  6. What vitamins are water-soluble?
    B and C
  7. What acid is essential during pregnancy to avoid nervous system abnormalities in the child, and is needed throughout life for the normal formation of cells.
    Folic acid
  8. What are the two major categories of vitamins

  9. Vitamin A is needed for
  10. Vitamin D is needed for
    bone formation
  11. Vitamin K is needed for
    blood clotting
  12. Vitamin C is needed for
    collagen synthesis in connective tissues
  13. What is the function of flouride
    Structure of teeth and bones
  14. What is the function of chromium
    Efficient us of insulin
  15. What is the funtion of Iron
    Oxygen and electron transport; heme group of hemoglobin
  16. what is the function of Iodine
    Constituent of thryoid hormones
  17. Iron deficiency produces and
    Anemia- a lack of oxygen-carrying capacity in the blood.
  18. Enzymes make reactions go
Card Set
Module 3