1973 Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act
- -Guarantees basic civil rights to people with disabilities - can't discriminate.
- -Requires accomodations in schools and in society.
- -Child must benefit from the same kinds of educational experiences in the classroom as their typically developing peers to the fullest extend possible. This includes modifications and accomodations to the curriculum or the way it is taught.
1975 PL 94-142 EHA
- -Education of all Hadicapped Children Act of 1975
- -Guaranteed a FAPE in the LRE to all children with disabilities.
1986 PL 99-457 EHA (reauthorized)
Added infants and toddlers and provided Individualized Family Service Plan
1990 PL 101 - 476 (IDEA)
- -Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
- -Changed name to IDEA
- -Added transition plans (ITPs)
- -Added autism and traumatic brain injury as special education categories
- -Added assistive technology
1990 PL 101-336 (ADA)
- -Americans with Disabilities Act
- -Barred discrimination in employment, transportation, public accomodations, and telecommunications.
- -Implements the concept of normalization across American life
1997 PL 105-17 IDEA (reauthorized)
- -Added ADHD to the "other health impairments" category
- -Added Functional Behavior Axs and Behavior Intervention Plans
2001 PL 107-110 (ESEA) of 2001
- -Elementary and Secondary Education Act
- -NO CHILD LEFT BEHIND NCLB - Requiered that all school children participate in state and district testing. Called for the 100 % proficiency for all students in reading and math by 2012.
2004 PL 108 - 446 IDEA (reauthorized)
Modified procedures (evaluation, discipline, IEP, and learning disability elegibility)
- Title 1
What are the elements of the IFSP (Individualized Family Service Plan)?
- Child's current level of functioning in all relevant areas:
- Physical development
- Cognitive development
- S/L development
- Psychosocial development
- Self-help skills
What is the IEP (Individualized Education Program?
Is a management tool designed to ensure that school children with special needs receive the special education and related services appropriate to their needs.
How do we develop an IEP?
- -By making decisions about appropriate education, services and placement as indicated from the results of Ax
- -IEP team sets goals and objectives
- -Determine what services are necessary to meet the needs of the child.
What is LRE?
Least Restrictive Environment
- -to the maximum extent possible, children with disabilities are educated with nondisabled peers
- -is evaluated at least annually
- -is as close to the child's home as possible, and whenever possible is at that child's neighborhood school.
What are the 13 major special education categories from IDEA?
- Emotional Disturbance
- Hearing Impairment
- Multiple disabilities
- Orthopedic impairment
- Other health impairment
- Specific learning disability
- Speech or language impairment
- Traumatic brain injury
- Visual Impairment