1. Early forms of Policing
    • constables, beadles, magistrates
    • night watchmen doing "rounds"
    • mutual pledge/frank pledge system: required by law to participate in watch
    • thief takers and "bounties"
    • Shire-reeve (sheriff)
  2. John and Henry Fieldings
    • Bow Street runners- foot patrol
    • horse patrol
    • crime publications (people made aware of crimes)
    • neighborhood watch
    • wanted posters
  3. Sir Robert Peel
    • Helped create the modern concept of the police force
    • Officers were called "bobbies" and "peelers"
  4. Federal Agencies
    • FBI:¬†federal bureau of investigation
    • CIA: central intelligence agency
    • US Marshals: in charge of protecting court houses, witness protection
    • Coast Guard: homeland security
    • ATF: alcohol, tobacco, fire arms
    • ICE: imigration and customs enforcement
  5. State Agencies
    • Highway patrol
    • State bureau of investigations
  6. Local/Municipal Agencies
    • City park police
    • Sherrifs department
    • City police
  7. Private Security
    • corporate police: background checks/on site security
    • campus police
  8. Reserve Policing
    • similar to Army reserve
    • trained just like all police officers
    • serve only when needed
    • has an everyday job
  9. Vigilante Justice
    everyday people who believe that police can't protect us all of the time so they take matters into their own hands
  10. Divisions inside of large police departments
    • emergency services
    • major crimes
    • special opporations
    • metro
    • juveniale
    • vice
    • narco
    • robbery-homicide
  11. Community Policing
    Collaborative effort between the police and the community to identify the problems of crime/disorder and develop solutions
  12. Police discretion
    the freedom to choose among a variety of alternatives in conducting police operations
  13. Search Warrant
    • document issued by judge allowing police to search any personal property or home of suspect
    • must have probable cause to get one
    • Time restraint: 48 hrs
  14. Arrest warrant
    • Simmilar to search warrant but it is to make an arrest of a suspect
    • Time restraint: 30 days
  15. Who can issue a warrant?
    a judge/magistrate
  16. Illinois vs. Gates
    In establishing probable cause for the issuance of a search warrant, magistrates ma make a commonsense decision whether there is a fair probability that the contraband can be found in a particular place
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